Billige boliger gennem frikommuneforsøg - strategi eller projekt?

Signe Meredin Villadsen, Elsba Joansdottir Hardlei & Katrine Ebdrup Damgaard

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Based on a normative ideal of mixed cities, this thesis examines the case of “Frikommunenetværket Billige boliger og fleksible boligløsninger” - a consortium consisting of six Danish municipalities trying to ensure affordable housing and flexible housing solutions by challenging existing legislation. The consortium is examined as being innovative in their way of creating mixed cities, and is substantiated by spatial, social and economic arguments for the necessity of affordable housing in cities. Rather than simply describing the current condition, the thesis questions the negative consequences for individuals and society alike posed by the imbalance between the supply of and demand for affordable housing. The case study is based on a critical hermeneutical understanding of knowledge production. With an abductive approach, a critical analysis of expert interviews and planning documents has been made to unfold power relations obstructing more affordable housing in the cities, and to understand how the urban planning process and planner roles influence each other. Theoretically, David Harvey’s description of a shift from managerialism to entrepreneurialism in urban governance is used to understand the framework for urban planning today, while Susan Fainstein’s notion of spatial justice is used as the goal of urban planning. Louis Albrecht’s notions of transformative practice and strategic spatial planning, as well as Karina Sehested’s notion of planning roles in network management, are understood as the means to reach the goal of more affordable housing. Combined, the theories provide a critical framework for analysing the empirical data and thereby understanding the consortium’s potential to ensure mixed cities in the long term. Furthermore, it provides a framework to understand the planners’ space for action within the consortium. Finally, the thesis discusses whether the municipalities’ participation in the consortium is characterized by project- or strategic planning, as this influences the consortium’s potential to ensure mixed cities.

It is concluded that the planners’ space for action for now is limited by elements of habitual thinking, power relations and diverging motivations for participation, which includes both project- and strategic planning. Furthermore, it is concluded that the consortium cannot solve the lack of affordable housing alone. Rather than deregulation and debureaucratization as the consortium suggests, the challenge calls for an extensive system change and a national strategy for more affordable housing. Viewing the consortium in a larger context, the thesis reveals a potential for a transformative practice that ensures mixed cities.

UddannelserPlan, By og Proces, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 jun. 2017
Antal sider109
VejledereKristian Nagel Delica

Emneord

  • Billige boliger
  • Affordable housing
  • Strategisk planlægning
  • Louis Albrecht
  • Karina Sehested
  • Susan Fainstein
  • Rumlig retfærdighed
  • blandede byer
  • David Harvid
  • Mixed cities
  • Projektplanlægning
  • Urbanisering