Behind the Clean and Beautiful City: Occupational Safety and Health of Sanitary Workers in Changchun City, China

Shi Wei & Sun Meilin

Studenteropgave: Speciale


“Workplace fatalities, injuries and illnesses remain at unacceptably high levels and involve an enormous and unnecessary health burden, suffering, and economic loss amounting to 4–5% of GDP. According to “WHO” and “ILO” (International Labor Organization), there are 2.0 million work-related deaths per year. “WHO” estimates that there are only 10-15% of workers who have access to a basic standard of occupational health service. Only 5% to 10% of workers in developing countries and 20% to 50% of those in industrialized countries have access to adequate occupational health service. Poor working conditions result in a total of 300 000 work-related deaths and economic losses of 4% of the gross domestic product of the European Region every year. There are many European countries where less than 10% of the working population has access to occupational health services.” (Source: WHO) The occupational safety and health of urban sanitary workers in China is not optimistic; it is hard to protect the operation. The current status greatly affects the working initiative of sanitary workers greatly, which is not conducive to the social sustainable development of the urban environmental health. Environmental health is an important part of public environmental protection and social sustainable development. Sanitary workers are the main force in the development of environmental health. (Source from17th CPC) “Especially since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio, 1992, sustainable development has become internationally accepted keywords for a political discourse committed to quality of life, the conservation of natural resources and a sense of obligation to future generations.” “The four main types of sustainability are human, social, economic and environmental.” We should take measures to the current status and condition, which is conducive to the protection of sanitary workers’ basic rights. And it is conducive to the process of urbanization. In the view of this, we conducted an investigation of sanitary workers in Changchun city’s 7 districts in 2008. The investigation is about sanitary workers’ health condition and social status in working life. The health condition includes workers’ health status and working environment. The social status includes economics, social security, education, family, as well as psychology. The social status will affect their social well-being and occupational safety and health. We will analyze those factors affecting the occupational safety and health. And the authors will propose solutions based on the statistic data to improve their health condition and social status in working life.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato23 jun. 2009
VejledereLise Drewes


  • social status
  • Urban environment
  • Environmental health
  • Sanitary workers
  • Social sustainable development
  • occupational safety and health