This paper investigates which challenges former gangmembers meet when they are leaving the gang life. In the context of this, there is a focus on a tripartition about first) their motivation for participating in the gang and what they attach meaning to in the ganglife second) which challenges they meet when they are leaving the gang and third) how the existing exitprograms comply with their needs.
The empirical data is based on two semistructured interviews with two former gangmembers which focus on their perspectives and experiences on their way in and out of the gang. These interviews are the basis of the analysis and the foundation is the above-mentioned tripartition. In addition to that there is drawn on empirical data from Line Lærke Mørch and Maria Libak Pedersen to expand the interviews of the project.
The theoretical foundation of the project is based on critical psychology. Drawing on theory by Ole Dreier, Ernst Scraube and Klaus Holzkamp and the concepts: conduct of everyday life, participation, self understanding and motivation for changed living conditions.
Furthermore, there are drawn on the critical theorist Axel Honneths acknowledgement theory. This theory is used to clarify the informants experiences before, during and after their life in the gang.
Based on the empirical data and the theoretical concepts five themes are selected to structure the analysis. These includes: I) acknowledgement and betrayal, II) power and money, III) participation in communities, IV) self-understanding and understanding of others and V) motivation for changed living conditions and increased capacity for action.
Based on the analysis the project concludes that the informants, the former gangmembers, are participating in the gang life on different foundations and motives. They are both seeking communities. One of them are seeking this on the basis of missing acknowledgement from the adults in his life. The other one are participating from common interests and values. When they are leaving the environment and changes their living conditions, they both experience some difficulties. Finally the informants comments on the existing exitprograms. One of them is mainly positive based on his own experience. The other one has nothing good to say about the programs. However they both share the same posture about how the system should focus more on prevention.
|Uddannelser||Psykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Åben|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 dec. 2017|
- Kritisk psykologi