This paper’s aim is to figure out whether or not a tightening of the punishment for committing rape will prevent rapes being committed in the future. In short we want to investigate punishment’s influence on crime. In our search for the answer we have used criminological theory by Flemming Balvig about punishment working preventive, social (community) and formal (police) control, crime done in impulse and inequality. These theories will help us establish what effect the tightening of the law will have. We have also used Travis Hirschi’s social control theory to better understand the individual criminal and what makes them do crime. Last but not least we have sought to figure out what the parties in the parliament thinks about the increase in punishment. Their arguments have primarily been fairness and the people’s sense of justice.
Besides using criminological theory we have also used a lot of empirical work on rape and statistics on how many crimes are being committed each year and how that has changed over the years. They are primarily from The Department of Justice in Denmark, but also from Denmark’s Statistics which is also a public institution. We have also interviewed a former law professor called Eva Smith and a sociologist named Linda Kjær Minke. They have contributed to our thoughts on punishment and imprisonment.
In our project we have come to the conclusion that increasing the severity of punishment won’t have a preventive effect on criminals for a number of reasons. First of all empiric studies doesn’t show an effect which we have proven through our reports from the Department of Justice. Furthermore the criminal doesn’t make up his mind after the severity of the crime. The decision is made in an impulse. It’s not a thought over decision where the criminal thinks about every aspect of the crime. They just do it. It will also affect certain parts of the society where the lower social class will be affected a lot more due to being the ones doing the traditional crime: violence, rape, theft etc. They will also have more difficulties coming back to society because the longer you are in prison the more chance there is for you to come back due to lack of time with friends, family, work etc.
The politicians in parliament have made this decision purely with the victim in mind and not based on the reports done on the area or how the problem with rapes can be fixed. The parties who are usually against an increase in punishment have been keen to make it a more severe, which is somewhat surprising due to the fact that those parties are usually for more treatment or bringing down inequality. Not in this case, which can be reasoned by the fact that all of the parties want to make a large gap between themselves and rape.
|Uddannelser||Politik og Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||24 maj 2016|
|Vejledere||Pernille Boye Koch|
- Søren Pind