At opleve krigen. Soldater i Første Verdenskrig set fra museumsudstillinger i Berlin og London

Lisbeth Jensen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

In 2014 the centenary of the First World War was commemorated all over the world. Even though the war took place one hundred years ago we still find it important to re-member what happened, and we are still curious about what it was like for soldiers who served in the war. The subject of this thesis is how the war and its soldiers are depicted to modern European museum guests. I outline the categorization of First World War historians into four generations by US historian Jay Winters. With this as a starting point I investigate how the war and the soldiers who fought in it are depicted in two major European exhibitions, The First World War Galleries at The Imperial War Museum in London and 1914-1918 Der Erste Weltkrieg at Deutsches Historisches Museum in Berlin. The overall image of the war is studied through the answering of four questions: Who caused the war? How was it fought? How to understand the peace? And finally, what have the effects of the war been? The depiction of the soldiers is studied through the questions of; Why did they join the war? What was it like for them during the war? And what happened to them, when they came back? I conclude that the English exhibition takes a very national perspective, whereas the German in many ways has a more global perspective. In London the war is depicted both as a catastrophe, but also as a just war, where heroes fought bravely. In Berlin the war is exclusively depicted as a catastrophe that only has losers. The exhibi-tions are very similar in their ways of depicting the soldiers. In both cases the soldiers play a very significant role in understanding the war.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 jan. 2015
VejledereHenrik Jensen