This paper investigates the represented mobilities and forms of activities at Assistens Cemetery in Copenhagen, and how senses of place influences the uses of the area as both a traditional cemetery but also as a park. The investigations take its stand in the municipality of Copenhagen’s new development plan for the cemetery, as they have identified problems with multifunctional uses of active graveyard areas, due to the users understanding of the area as both a cemetery and a park. To investigate this issue, we have found it necessary to include theoretical aspects on ethics, undefined areas in cities, senses of place, parks in neighbourhoods, qualities of urban space, mobility and motility. In this way we have analysed how different kinds of mobilities perceive access, skills and appropriation in terms of their specific uses of and their forms of activity at the cemetery. To do this we have conducted both interviews and observation studies at the site. The interviews’ participants have been chosen in a way that resulted in ten interviews, categorized in people sitting, walking and biking.
In this way this paper concludes that the uses of the cemetery relies on the individuals sense of place, and that the different forms of mobilities and activities is governed by unwritten rules in ethics and understandings of what is normal. Sitting users of the cemetery uses not only primary sittings but also secondary, meaning that some sits on the benches and some on the grass, destined by the individuals’ view on ethics and understanding of the area as either a park or a active, classic cemetery. This paper also concludes that walking users of the cemetery are the freest kind of mobility here because of the lack of written rules of behaviour, which also is caused by different perceptions of unwritten rules. The same thing goes in terms of the bikers, but in this case they are adjusting their behaviour as they enters the cemetery just as much because of the possibility to experience qualities of the area, as they are adjusting because of unwritten rules of behaviour.
The paper also criticise the plans of changes of the physical elements at Assistens Cemetery as the cemetery seems to be popular and successful in its current state. It is also a significant discovery that the cemetery is perceived just as much as a cemetery as a park, which results in the cemetery’s multifunctionality. The users however do not seem to agree with the municipality’s sceptic view on this fact.
|Uddannelser||Geografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||27 maj 2019|