Arkitektur og Knipler: En historisk analyse af feltet for boligsocialt arbejde på Indre Nørrebro

Simon Mertner Vind

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis explores the logic behind the Copenhagen Municipality’s Tryghedsplan for Indre Nørrebro (2012) (Safety plan for Inner Nørrebro) which is the political response to the conflictual situation in Indre Nørrebro after a violent attack on four innocent tourists in the year of 2012. The thesis examines the historical background for the city’s current approach to community problems related to social housing in Indre Nørrebro consisting of beautification of surroundings, public participation, and intensified police work. The historical analysis is carried out with inspiration from the theoretical and methodological work and tool box of the French sociologists Pierre Bourdieu and Loïc Wacquant. Via this analysis I illuminate the changes in the city’s community development related to social housing in Inner Nørrebro as the result of a string of practical and symbolic conflicts that have taken place between central and local agents during the last 50 years. By analyzing three concrete historical conflicts that are all located in Indre Nørrebro, and that have all been about community development, I objectify the way in which the logic of the field changes from conflict to conflict as the balance of power between the central and local agents changes. In the first conflict about Byggeren 1980, the Social Democratic Party is dominating the community development in Nørrebro with their focus on equality in housing through slum clearance and redevelopment. However, this central social democratic position is challenged by a local position when the social democratic municipality decides to demolish a playground on Nørrebro that is organized by local residents. In the second conflict, Folkets Park 1993-1997, I show how the local position, represented by the Socialist People’s Party and local residents, is strengthened due to political and legal development in the central bureaucratic field. A development which enable a greater focus on participation of residents in community development related to social housing. In the third struggle, Folkets Park 1997-2001, a compromise between the conflicting positions finally institutionalize public participation in community development in Nørrebro. My analysis furthermore shows that in order to understand how physically beautification and intensified police work (along with public participation) becomes the city’s main tools in community development in Indre Nørrebro 2012-2014, former Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen’s (Venstre) opening speech in the national parliament of Denmark in 2010 about the so called “ghettos” in Denmark, is an inevitable source of information. This opening speech marks a crucial change in the central and local, right wing and left wing political parties’ approach towards community development related to social housing that today mainly aims to prevent human and material deprivation through repression of disorder and beautification of surroundings.

UddannelserSocialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato8 jan. 2014
VejledereTroels Schultz Larsen

Emneord

  • Indre Nørrebro
  • Borgerinddragelse
  • Sanering
  • Pierre Bourdieu
  • Loïc Wacquant
  • Boligsocialt arbejde
  • Feltanalyse
  • Folkets Park