Angstbegrebet hos Kierkegaard, Heidegger & Sartre

Mathias Dahl Meier, Sidse Marie Kent, Anne Kathrine Behrendt Lau, Jepser Ladekær Gräs, Niels Bruun Andersen & Ditte Dyrgaard Bertelsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This study investigates the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard’s concept of angst and cogna-te existentialistic notions such as nothingness, freedom, responsibility and choice as represented in his thesis The Concept of Anxiety (1844). Furthermore, it seeks to examine how and why the existentialistic philosophy of Kierkegaard was reintroduced in the inter-war period by German philosopher Martin Heidegger and French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre in their respective wri-tings Being and Time (1927) and Nausea (1938). The study applies two dominant methodical approaches to the subject: First and foremost, the study does three separate philosophical analyses of the three books in which notions and con-cepts are explained and compared. Secondly, the philosophers and their books are reviewed in a culture-historical perspective, in order to examine how the concepts and notions of Kierkegaard developed along the historical and intellectual development from the publishing of The Concept of Anxiety in the 1840’s to the reintroduction of Kierkegaard’s philosophy in the inter-war peri-od. By applying these different methodical approaches, the study seeks to discuss both how the philosophy was reintroduced – by comparing the philosophy of the three philosophers – and why it was reintroduced – by investigating the trends and currents of the inter-war period, that made the existentialism of Kierkegaard relevant once again. Amongst other things, the project seeks to unravel the question why the existentialists of the inter-war period chose not to include the Chri-stian aspect of Kierkegaards philosophy. Finally, a third biographical approach seeks to expose the relationship between the philosopher and his period. Above all, the project concludes that the three philosophers share a common conception of angst as a basic human condition and a painful but inevitable prerequisite for acknowledging one’s existence and choises. They also agree, that many people tend to avoid their angst by disclaiming the responsibility of their being. Also, the project concludes, that the inter-war gene-ration was characterized by the trauma of the first world war and a certain revolt against authori-ties and rationality, that gave the notions of Kierkegaard a whole new meaning. Finally, it con-cludes that the atheistic tendencies of the inter-war period influenced Heidegger and Sartre to replace Kierkegaard’s notion of God and the absolute with a nothingness and an absurdity that forces each to give meaning to his own existence by choosing.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2014
VejledereEsther Oluffa Pedersen

Emneord

  • Heidegger
  • Kierkegaard
  • Angst
  • Eksistentialisme
  • Sartre
  • Existentialism