An Analysis of the Sustainability of the Project “Industrial and Urban Development in Viet Tri City” (2002-2005)

Nhi Quyen Le

Studenteropgave: Speciale


Project sustainability is a recent concept predominantly debated and employed by international aid organisations in development aid: the meaning of the term, what its time and spatial scales are, what dimensions it has, what factors it can be affected, etc. It is deemed to be a high-level examination whether the aid intervention has been successful or not. Even though all the international aid organisations examined in the thesis share the viewpoint that project sustainability has to do with the maintenance of the achieved outcomes after the aid intervention has come to an end, there are some shortages in their definitions of the term as well as the factors that can affect project sustainability. The thesis is thus concerned with analysing the sustainability of the project “Industrial and Urban Development in Viet Tri city” (Việt Trì Project), which was a part of the environmental programme “Danish Environmental Assistance to Vietnam 2000-2004” (DEA-Vietnam), financed by the Danish International Development Agency (Danida) and implemented in Việt Trì city, Phú Thọ province from July 2002 to July 2005. The main aim is to obtain deeper practical knowledge and understanding of project sustainability, the factors that can affect project sustainability in reality, and the improvement possibilities. Initially, the research problem is introduced and different methods to fulfil the study are dealt with. A discussion of sustainability is presented in order to prepare a ground for approaching the discussion of project sustainability. The dimensions of and the factors that can affect project sustainability are then explored. Seen from the theoretical perspectives, project sustainability has to do not only with the capacity of the directly involved partner stakeholders to maintain the achieved results after the aid intervention has come to an end but also their capacity to produce the results by themselves and develop/reproduce them over a period of time. Moreover, the five dimensions of project sustainability - financial, institutional, technical, social, and environmental - can be affected not only by the partner government and donor policies, the partner participation and ownership, the awareness building and training, and the external political and economic factors but also by the insufficient and explicit addressing and analysis of sustainability throughout the project cycle, corruption, and inefficient participation from the donor’s side. From the empirical analysis of Việt Trì Project, I found out that the project itself is too ambitious in terms of components and activities for a short intended time frame (24 calendar months), some project outcomes are potentially sustainable while some are not. Against the background of the theoretical framework, I suggested that Việt Trì Project should be improved by concentrating on the most necessary activities based upon the characteristics and duration of the project, enhancing the addressing and analysis of sustainability in the project cycle, improving the anti-corruption factor, and strengthening the participation of the ultimate beneficiaries in the project cycle, especially in the Identification and Preparation phase where the efficient engagement of Danida’s local staffs should also be enhanced. It is concluded from the research that firstly, as far as Việt Trì Project and other DEA-Vietnam projects are concerned, project sustainability was touched upon at a general level in Danida’s working tools. Secondly, the fieldwork in Phú Thọ province has played a crucial role to the research. I collected a lot of useful and interesting live information which is not available in the documents of Việt Trì Project. Thirdly, the professional experiences shared by Plan International and the project experts were useful for the analysis of Việt Trì Project’s sustainability problems, especially the analysis of the ultimate beneficiaries’ participation. And finally, to talk about corruption in general and corruption in connection with development projects is a taboo in Phú Thọ province.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato1 jan. 2006
VejledereHenning Schroll & Søren Lund


  • Project sustainability
  • Danida
  • Vietnam
  • Development aid
  • Phú Thọ province
  • Corruption
  • Việt Trì Project