Aktiveringspolitikken i Danmark - i arbejde som arbejdsløs

Emil Diderichsen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

In the recent time, several political reforms have been implemented in the danish welfare state. Many of which have been applied with a broad and unitary mandate across the political spectrum, and without any noticeably protests. The reforms are often big and very complex, which makes it difficult, even for scholared professionals to evaluate on the social effects, especially over a longer period of time. The latest big social reform in Denmark was was on the subject of the unemployment welfare system. It was carried out in 2013, and implemented fully in 2014. The reform carries out a numerous fundamental changes on the former system. One of the primary purposes is to reduce the number of citizens that are depended on the welfare subsidies. Another prime achievement is to address the level of education among the weakest groups. Especially the young citizens are addressed in this reform, as they loose their right to receive the full unemployment check. Instead they are expected to take on an education if they have none. This thesis is studying how this reform has come about and which discursive framework it operates within. The political debate in the parliament is a key *emperisk* source for this project. The project takes it starting point in the historical development in the organization of the welfare institutions, starting from the transition from feudalism to industrialism and capitalism, through the development of the classical and universal welfare state that took place post second world war, and finally through the development of the late modernity, characterized by the globalisation and a hyper flexible labour market. In this thesis We ask the question whats the problem? or more specifically whats the problem represented to be? And how has it come about. Hence we are inspired by carol bacchi who has developed this methodology of discourse analysis. The point being to investigate the very basic foundation of the policy reform. The way we construct problems already determines the way we can even think the solutions. By investigate how a problem representation has come about, we can achieve a great deal of information about the contemporary society and how the power (magt) is structured. We are in this thesis also greatly inspired by the french sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Though his theory on the habitual dispositions for the specific interactions in the social field is not operationalized, his theory on reflective sociology still earns a great inspiration for the theoretical framework. The key findings in this thesis project is that we are experiencing a period of time of subtle yet significant changes in the sociality within the state. The discoursive structures for the solidarity across social class social hierarchies are undertaking a reformation towards the moral ideology of the neo-liberal political philosophy. We discuss on this basic, if the wellfare state is a part of the past, and what social effects are produced by this way of structuring the social policy. Three subjects come to mind immediately; poverty, social exclusion and marginalization.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato7 jul. 2014
VejledereSusanne Klausen

Emneord

  • arbejdsløshed
  • aktiveringspolitik