Aktiveringspolitik i Danmark - arbejde som arbejdsløs

Emil Diderichsen & Martin Hjorth

Studenteropgave: Speciale


The latest big social reform in Denmark on the subject of the unemployment welfare system was carried out in 2013, and implemented fully in 2014. The reform carries out a numerous fundamental changes on the former system. One of the primary purposes is to reduce the number of citizens that are dependent on the welfare subsidies. Another prime achievement is to address the level of education among the weakest groups. Especially the young citizens are addressed in this reform, as they loose their right to receive the full welfare. Instead they are expected to take on an education if they have none. This thesis is studying how this reform has come about and which discursive framework it operates within. The political debate in the parliament is a key empirical source for this project. The project takes it starting point in the historical development in the organization of the welfare institutions, starting from the transition from feudalism to industrialism and capitalism, through the development of the classical and universal welfare state that took place post second world war, and finally through the development of the late modernity, characterized by the globalization and a hyper flexible labor market. In this thesis We ask the question what’s the problem? or more specifically what’s the problem represented to be? And how has it come about. Hence we are inspired by carol Bacchi who has developed this methodology of discourse analysis. The point being, to investigate the very foundation of the policy reform. The way we construct problems already determines the way we can even think the solutions. By investigate how a problem representation has come about, we can achieve a great deal of information about the contemporary society and how the power is structured. The key findings in this thesis project are that we are experiencing a period of time of subtle yet significant changes in the sociality within the state. The discursive structures for the solidarity across social class social hierarchies are undertaking a reformation towards the moral ideology of the neo-liberal political philosophy. We discuss on this basic, if the welfare state is a part of the past, and what social effects are produced by this way of structuring the social policy. Three subjects come to mind immediately; poverty, social exclusion and marginalization.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato7 jul. 2014
VejledereSusanne Klausen


  • arbejdsløshed
  • aktiveringspolitik