Climate and environmental governance have long been at the heart of the international debate. Given its complexity, scholars have concluded that authoritarian governance is required to minimize the negative outcomes of climate change in a timely manner. Their focus, however, is predominantly on a state level and disregards the multifaceted, global dimension of the problem. Moreover, these arguments overlook current trends in the international climate agenda. This thesis shall identify the potential challenges for the global climate action after the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015. By explicitly referring to developing countries, the paper presents possible opportunities to address these challenges. Furthermore, the paper contributes to the discussion around the democracy and climate change nexus through linking theoretical arguments to “real life” examples. To do so, a comparative case study of Moldova and Georgia is conducted, largely based on expert interviews. In light of the negotiated policy trends and priorities, the thesis investigates major factors and processes that shape the environmental and climate policies in both countries. As the Paris Agreement is embedded in a democratic environmentalist approach, transparency, accountability and broad public participation are needed for effective climate governance on a global or national levels. Contrary to the assumptions of authoritarian environmentalism, democratic environmentalist policies can be adopted in non-democratic countries under the influence of international agreements and the donors’ organizations. However, strong democratic institutions are still needed to produce desired policy outcomes. High-level political incentives and an active non-governmental sector play a vital role in domestic policy implementation; they are crucial for the success of the Paris Agreement on a global level.
|Uddannelser||Global Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||2 jun. 2019|