A Study of Legitimacy in Afghanistan

Rasmus Duus Hedengran, Alexander Schmidt Kondrup & Martin Hald Meyer

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt


Following the departure of the majority of NATO forces from Afghanistan in 2014, the national government’s challenge for legitimacy with the resurgent Taliban group has increased. Afghan civilians are starting to doubt the government's ability to provide services and are increasingly viewing the Taliban as an alternative authority. This project investigates the two actors operating and competing for control in Afghanistan. The project analyses the situation in Afghanistan by using a positivistic approach through Weber’s theoretical framework on legitimacy and authority types. The Taliban and the government are both analysed through the three authority types, rational-legal, traditional and charismatic to explain how they establish legitimacy. The project concludes that the resurgence of the Taliban is due to the decreasing legitimacy of the government caused by internal political conflicts, combined with the Taliban’s success in providing services to rural areas in Afghanistan. The discussion expands on recent contributions to Weber’s definitions of domination and control to further explain the power struggle taking place in Afghanistan.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) BachelorVirksomhedsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2018
Antal sider43
VejledereOlivier Rubin


  • Legitimacy
  • Authority types
  • Authority
  • Afghanistan
  • Taliban
  • Monopoly on violence
  • Domination
  • Rational-legal
  • Traditional
  • Charismatic
  • Nation-building
  • Weber