Åbning for forandring - en analyse af post-krise sociale bevægelsers forandringspotentiale: An opening for change - a study of the potential of change for post-crisis social movements

Katrine Damberg, Tora Schultz Larsen, Jonathan Munk Nielsen, Johanne Juul Lauesen, Mette Klindt, Rasmus Bjerring Larsen & Mathias Stougaard

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This study sets out to investigate post-crisis social movements’ potential of change in the context of modern western polyarchies. With a primarily deductive method of research, the potential will be analyzed through a case study of the Occupy Wall Street (OWS) movement as an exemplary case by means of exemplifying the post-crisis social movement as a phenomenon. Social movement theorists Sidney Tarrow and Thomas Rochon will be drawn upon in shaping the theoretical framework, with Tarrow’s primarily as theoretical foundation for analyzing political openings and Rochon foremost in the work with the microsocial mechanisms of mobilization. In addition, Nancy Fraser's collaborative work with Axel Honneth will be included in studying the framing process of movements supplied Habermas’ theory of deliberation and general social movements views of Donatella Della Porta. By means of identifying the fundamental elements of potential, the analysis will be divided into three parts: From Protest to Movement, Methods and Change respectively. From Protest to Movement will deal with the political gaps of opportunity, based on Tarrows theories on the subject that will be critically reviewed and extended, followed by brief analysis of injustice framing and the microsocial mechanisms of movement mobilization. With OWS’s general assemblies as a starting point, Methods will deal with the internal structures, focusing on the impact of sustained collective actions on the creation of group solidarity within the movement. With the case study as a reference point, the consensual methods of action in OWS will be held up against the a Habermasian deliberative ideal, stressing the significance of their possible pre-figurative abilities. In Change the issue of criterias of success will be discussed with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of what actual change really is. Views of expert in US politics Mads Fuglede and lecturer of Cultural Science Mikkel Bolt will be added to the discussion with the aim of adding empirical depth to the opposing positions. Here the issue of working inside/outside of the parliamentary system will be touched and lines will be drawn from the case study to post-crisis movements as a whole, in a strive to identify the general potential of change. All three parts of the analysis are closely intertwined and will in the final analysis of potential represent the links in our understanding of the causality of social movement change. The conclusion of the study emphasises the possibility of post-crisis social movements acting as an ideal through pre-figurative methods of action and thereby also a gap opener for future change and value diffusion. Finally, perspectives are drawn to The Arab Spring suggesting this as a possible extension of the research field beyond the context of western polyarchies.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato24 jan. 2014
VejledereSilas Harrebye

Emneord

  • aktivisme
  • forandring
  • Occupy Wall Street
  • Tarrow
  • sociale bevægelser
  • Rochon
  • gruppesolidaritet
  • kollektiv aktion
  • generel assembly
  • post krise