Ultrastructural evidence for self-replication of Alzheimer-associated Aβ42 amyloid along the sides of fibrils

Mattias Törnquist*, Risto Cukalevski, Ulrich Weininger, Georg Meisl, Tuomas P.J. Knowles, Thom Leiding, Anders Malmendal, Mikael Akke, Sara Linse*

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

The nucleation of Alzheimer-associated Aβ peptide monomers can be catalyzed by preexisting Aβ fibrils. This leads to autocatalytic amplification of aggregate mass and underlies self-replication and generation of toxic oligomers associated with several neurodegenerative diseases. However, the nature of the interactions between the monomeric species and the fibrils during this key process, and indeed the ultrastructural localization of the interaction sites have remained elusive. Here we used NMR and optical spectroscopy to identify conditions that enable the capture of transient species during the aggregation and secondary nucleation of the Aβ42 peptide. Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) images show that new aggregates protrude from the entire length of the progenitor
fibril. These protrusions are morphologically distinct from the wellordered
fibrils dominating at the end of the aggregation process. The data provide direct evidence that self-replication through secondary nucleation occurs along the sides of fibrils, which become heavily decorated under the current solution conditions (14 μM Aβ42, 20 mM sodium phosphate, 200 μM EDTA, pH 6.8).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol/bind117
Udgave nummer21
Sider (fra-til)11265-11273
Antal sider9
ISSN0027-8424
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 21 maj 2020
Udgivet eksterntJa

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