The inequality of opportunity and youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Bidragets oversatte titel: Ulighed i muligheder og ungdomsarbejdsløshed i syd for Sahara Afrika

Atif Awad*, M. Azhar Hussain

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


The present study has aimed to determine how factors beyond the control of youths (15–29 years) have determined their chance to find employment opportunities in six Sub-Saharan Africa countries (The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo), Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Uganda, and Zambia). Data from the school-to-work transition surveys from 2014 and 2015, carried out by the International Labor Office, was utilised. For each country, the Human Opportunity Index, as developed by the World Bank, was calculated. Second, the contribution of each factor to that index was calculated. The results showed that while the Congo had relatively high employment dissimilarity, originating from given circumstances, Madagascar, Malawi, and Uganda had comparatively low employment dissimilarity indices. Likewise, the study detected that among factors beyond the control of youths that determined their chance to find employment, particularly parental occupation, was found to be a fundamental driver of creating a difference in employment chances for their offspring. Overall, the results implied that effort-based inequalities and not inequality caused by factors beyond individual control played a significant role in explaining the status of youths in the labour market.
Bidragets oversatte titelUlighed i muligheder og ungdomsarbejdsløshed i syd for Sahara Afrika
TidsskriftLabor History
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)74-90
Antal sider17
StatusUdgivet - 2021


  • Youth
  • dissimilarity
  • employment
  • inequality of opportunity

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