Trends in human leptospirosis in Denmark, 1980 to 2012

L. B. van Alphen, A. Lemcke Kunoe, T. Ceper, J. Kähler, C. Kjelsø, Steen Ethelberg, K. A. Krogfelt

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Leptospirosis in humans is a mandatory notifiable disease in Denmark. To identify changing trends in human leptospirosis in Denmark, we analysed data from the passive laboratory surveillance and clini-cal notifications from a 32-year period (1980–2012). In that period, 584 cases of leptospirosis were lab-oratory-diagnosed, an average annual incidence rate of 0.34 cases/100,000 population (range: 0.07–1.1/100,000 population). Seventy per cent of patients were male. Overall, Patoc was the predominant sero-group diagnosed (32%) but over time, the Leptospiraserogroup distribution has changed. In recent years Icterohaemorrhagiae and Sejroe have been diagnosed most frequently, in contrast to Patoc and Sejroe in ear-lier years. Notification data for 170 cases showed that work-related exposures were reported in 48% of infec-tions, with fish farming (44%) and farming (22%) as the most frequently mentioned professions. Other com-mon exposures were related to travel (13%), recreation (8%) and sewage (7%). Geomapping of cases showed a geographical clustering for some exposures. Future preventive measures could include raising awareness among clinicians about the risks and prevention of exposure in specific groups (fish farmers, farmers and travellers) to reduce leptospirosis in Denmark
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuro surveillance : bulletin Européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
Vol/bind20
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)33-41
ISSN1025-496X
StatusUdgivet - 2015
Udgivet eksterntJa

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