The use of faba-bean cropping as a sustainable and energy saving technology: A new protein self-sufficiency opportunity for European agriculture?

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

Abstract

European agriculture relies on large amounts of imported protein fodder, primarily soya-beans, for livestock rearing from e.g. South and North America. This has severe social and environmental impacts, and require large amount of fossil fuel to cultivate, harvest and transport. This paper investigates how faba-beans - a leguminous crop able to fixate its own nitrogen through symbiosis with soil bacteria while providing various other Eco System Services - can be adopted, as a valuable crop by farmers in EU. This could substitute import of soya-bean for animal fodder, providing global savings in pesticide, artificial fertilizer and fossil energy usage. Emphasizing transition theory and e.g. farm machinery, culture and policies, we conclude, that activities must be applied at all levels of the agricultural system. New transition pathways are e.g. to strengthen farm networks to share knowledge and farm equipment for faba-bean cultivation, and to enhance the environmental regulation to limit the amount of artificial fertilizer distributed on farmland making legumes more valuable for farmers.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelIOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science : 2019 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environmental Science 26–29 January 2019, Seoul, South Korea
Antal sider6
Vol/bind291
ForlagIOP Publishing
Publikationsdato1 jun. 2019
Artikelnummer012049
Kapitel291
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2019
Begivenhed5th International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies: 2019 - Hotel Skypark Kingstown Dongdaermun, Seoul, Sydkorea
Varighed: 26 jan. 201928 jan. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 5
http://www.icret.org/history.html
http://www.icret.org

Konference

Konference5th International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies
Nummer5
LokationHotel Skypark Kingstown Dongdaermun
LandSydkorea
BySeoul
Periode26/01/201928/01/2019
Internetadresse
NavnIOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Sciense
Nummer012049
Vol/bind291

Bibliografisk note

doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/291/1/012049

Emneord

  • sustainability
  • faba-beans
  • Agriculture
  • Transition

Citer dette

Lybæk, R., & Hauggaard-Nielsen, H. (2019). The use of faba-bean cropping as a sustainable and energy saving technology: A new protein self-sufficiency opportunity for European agriculture? I IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science: 2019 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environmental Science 26–29 January 2019, Seoul, South Korea (Bind 291). [012049] IOP Publishing. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Sciense, Nr. 012049, Bind. 291 https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/291/1/012049