The Population Genetics of Antibiotic Resistance

B. R. Levin, M. Lipsitch, V. Perrot, S. Schrag, R. Antia, Lone Simonsen, N. Moore Walker, F. M. Stewart

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Abstract

Mathematical models are used to ascertain the relationship between the incidence of antibiotic treatment and the frequency of resistant bacteria in the commensal flora of human hosts, as well as the rates at which these frequencies would decline following a cessation of antibiotic use. Recent studies of the population biology of plasmid-encoded and chromosomal antibiotic resistance are reviewed for estimates of the parameters of these models and to evaluate other factors contributing to the fate of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in human hosts. The implications of these theoretical and empirical results to the future of antibacterial chemotherapy are discussed.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Infectious Diseases
Vol/bind24
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 1997
Udgivet eksterntJa

Citer dette

Levin, B. R., Lipsitch, M., Perrot, V., Schrag, S., Antia, R., Simonsen, L., Moore Walker, N., & Stewart, F. M. (1997). The Population Genetics of Antibiotic Resistance. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 24(1).