The effects of straw or straw-derived gasification biochar applications on soil quality and crop productivity

A farm case study

Veronika Hansen, Dorette Sophie Müller-Stöver, Valentina Imparato, Paul Henning Krogh, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Anders Dolmer, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Thermal gasification of straw is a highly efficient technology that produces bioenergy and gasification biochar that can be used as a soil amendment, thereby returning non-renewable nutrients and stable carbon, and securing soil quality and crop productivity. A Danish on-farm field study investigated the impact of traditional straw incorporation vs. straw removal for thermal gasification bioenergy production and the application of straw gasification biochar (GB) on soil quality and crop production. Two rates of GB were applied over three successive years in which the field was cropped with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and winter wheat, respectively, to assess the potential effects on the soil carbon pool, soil microorganisms, earthworms, soil chemical properties and crop yields. The application of GB did not increase the soil organic carbon content significantly and had no effect on crop yields. The application of straw and GB had a positive effect on the populations of bacteria and protists, but no effect on earthworms. The high rate of GB increased soil exchangeable potassium content and soil pH indicating its potassium bioavailability and liming properties. These results suggest, that recycling GB into agricultural soils has the potential to be developed into a system combining bioenergy generation from agricultural residues and crop production, while maintaining soil quality. However, future studies should be undertaken to assess its long-term effects and to identify the optimum balance between straw removal and biochar application rate.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Environmental Management
Vol/bind186
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)88-95
ISSN0301-4797
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Emneord

  • Biochar
  • carbon sequestration
  • earthworms
  • soil chemical properties
  • soil quality

Citer dette

Hansen, Veronika ; Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie ; Imparato, Valentina ; Krogh, Paul Henning ; Jensen, Lars Stoumann ; Dolmer, Anders ; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik. / The effects of straw or straw-derived gasification biochar applications on soil quality and crop productivity : A farm case study. I: Journal of Environmental Management. 2017 ; Bind 186, Nr. 1. s. 88-95.
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The effects of straw or straw-derived gasification biochar applications on soil quality and crop productivity : A farm case study. / Hansen, Veronika; Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie; Imparato, Valentina; Krogh, Paul Henning; Jensen, Lars Stoumann; Dolmer, Anders; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik.

I: Journal of Environmental Management, Bind 186, Nr. 1, 2017, s. 88-95.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of straw or straw-derived gasification biochar applications on soil quality and crop productivity

T2 - A farm case study

AU - Hansen, Veronika

AU - Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie

AU - Imparato, Valentina

AU - Krogh, Paul Henning

AU - Jensen, Lars Stoumann

AU - Dolmer, Anders

AU - Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik

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N2 - Thermal gasification of straw is a highly efficient technology that produces bioenergy and gasification biochar that can be used as a soil amendment, thereby returning non-renewable nutrients and stable carbon, and securing soil quality and crop productivity. A Danish on-farm field study investigated the impact of traditional straw incorporation vs. straw removal for thermal gasification bioenergy production and the application of straw gasification biochar (GB) on soil quality and crop production. Two rates of GB were applied over three successive years in which the field was cropped with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and winter wheat, respectively, to assess the potential effects on the soil carbon pool, soil microorganisms, earthworms, soil chemical properties and crop yields. The application of GB did not increase the soil organic carbon content significantly and had no effect on crop yields. The application of straw and GB had a positive effect on the populations of bacteria and protists, but no effect on earthworms. The high rate of GB increased soil exchangeable potassium content and soil pH indicating its potassium bioavailability and liming properties. These results suggest, that recycling GB into agricultural soils has the potential to be developed into a system combining bioenergy generation from agricultural residues and crop production, while maintaining soil quality. However, future studies should be undertaken to assess its long-term effects and to identify the optimum balance between straw removal and biochar application rate.

AB - Thermal gasification of straw is a highly efficient technology that produces bioenergy and gasification biochar that can be used as a soil amendment, thereby returning non-renewable nutrients and stable carbon, and securing soil quality and crop productivity. A Danish on-farm field study investigated the impact of traditional straw incorporation vs. straw removal for thermal gasification bioenergy production and the application of straw gasification biochar (GB) on soil quality and crop production. Two rates of GB were applied over three successive years in which the field was cropped with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and winter wheat, respectively, to assess the potential effects on the soil carbon pool, soil microorganisms, earthworms, soil chemical properties and crop yields. The application of GB did not increase the soil organic carbon content significantly and had no effect on crop yields. The application of straw and GB had a positive effect on the populations of bacteria and protists, but no effect on earthworms. The high rate of GB increased soil exchangeable potassium content and soil pH indicating its potassium bioavailability and liming properties. These results suggest, that recycling GB into agricultural soils has the potential to be developed into a system combining bioenergy generation from agricultural residues and crop production, while maintaining soil quality. However, future studies should be undertaken to assess its long-term effects and to identify the optimum balance between straw removal and biochar application rate.

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KW - soil quality

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KW - carbon sequestration

KW - earthworms

KW - soil chemical properties

KW - soil quality

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