Suspected Lung Cancer with Suspicious Liver Lesions: Diagnostic Yield and Safety of Same-Day Bronchoscopy and Liver Biopsy in the Hands of a Pulmonologist

Sina Ahmadzai*, Jesper Koefod Petersen, Katrine Fjaellegaard, Paul Frost Clementsen, Uffe Bodtger

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Highlights: What are the main findings? US-guided FNA from suspicious liver lesions are safe and feasible to perform in the same séance as bronchoscopy and EBUS in the hands of a pulmonologist. Same-day workup is a relatively new concept in lung cancer workup, with no prior investigation of the combination of endoscopy and liver biopsy. What is the implication of the main finding? Same-day workup of lung tumors is efficacious, safe and timesaving. Background: Bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) are standard procedures for the diagnosis and staging of patients suspected of lung cancer. If the patient simultaneously presents with suspicious liver lesions, it is tradition to refer the patient to a radiologist for ultrasound-guided percutaneous liver biopsy. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the results and complications when the pulmonologist performs all three procedures in the same setting. Methods: We retrospectively identified patients who during 2018–2020 underwent invasive workup of suspected lung cancer and liver metastases with percutaneous liver lesion biopsy with or without same-day endoscopy (bronchoscopy and EBUS). We compared diagnostic yield and safety of liver lesion biopsy stratified by same-day endoscopy or not. Results: In total, 89 patients were included, of whom 28 patients (31%) underwent same-day endoscopy. All liver lesion biopsies were fine-needle aspiration biopsies performed by experienced pulmonologists. No complications were reported, and overall diagnostic yield was 88%. The diagnostic yield was significantly lower in the same-day endoscopy group (71% vs. 95%), and undergoing endoscopy was significantly associated with having fewer liver lesions, higher prevalence of lung cancer, and lower overall prevalence of a malignant diagnosis. Conclusion: Liver biopsy in the same session as endoscopy during lung cancer workup was feasible and safe. Confounding by indication was present in our study.

TidsskriftAdvances in Respiratory Medicine
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)11-17
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023


  • EBUS
  • liver lesions
  • lung cancer
  • same day procedure

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