Surviving severe traumatic brain injury in Denmark: incidence and predictors of highly specialized rehabilitation

Lene Odgaard, Ingrid Poulsen, Lars Peter Kammersgaard, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To identify all hospitalized patients surviving severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Denmark and to compare these patients to TBI patients admitted to highly specialized rehabilitation (HS-rehabilitation).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients surviving severe TBI were identified from The Danish National Patient Registry and The Danish Head Trauma Database. Overall incidence rates of surviving severe TBI and incidence rates of admission to HS-rehabilitation after severe TBI were estimated and compared. Patient-related predictors of no admission to HS-rehabilitation among patients surviving severe TBI were identified using multivariable logistic regression.

RESULTS: The average incidence rate of surviving severe TBI was 2.3 per 100,000 person years. Incidence rates of HS-rehabilitation were generally stable around 2.0 per 100,000 person years. Overall, 84% of all patients surviving severe TBI were admitted to HS-rehabilitation. Female sex, older age, and non-working status pre-injury were independent predictors of no HS-rehabilitation among patients surviving severe TBI.

CONCLUSION: The incidence rate of hospitalized patients surviving severe TBI was stable in Denmark and the majority of the patients were admitted to HS-rehabilitation. However, potential inequity in access to HS-rehabilitation may still be present despite a health care system based on equal access for all citizens.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Epidemiology
Vol/bind7
Sider (fra-til)225-34
Antal sider10
ISSN1179-1349
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015
Udgivet eksterntJa

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