|Titel||International Encyclopedia of Human Geography|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|
Surrealism has a prominent place within histories of 20th-Century art and culture and many of its practitioners are canonized as artists and writers. Yet its ambitions extend far beyond artistic representation as it seeks the revolutionary transformation of the world. Surrealists emphasize imagination, desire, dreams, eroticism, and the unconscious in their efforts to release the marvelous possibilities that lie dormant or suppressed within everyday life and space. Emerging initially in Paris during the 1920s, and developing in numerous countries worldwide, surrealist groups operate in the contentious realm between art and politics in their efforts to overturn capitalism and bourgeois rationalism. Geographical questions, involving in particular spaces and architectures of the modern city, but also natural environments and geopolitical imaginaries, have played a critical role in their revolutionary projects. Yet surrealism's influence on geographical thought has been largely indirect, mainly through intermediary social theorists. Deepening understandings of surrealist geographies can contribute much to theoretical and practical debates about the historical geographies of modernity and modernism, about social and spatial theory, and about how spaces are imagined, represented, and experienced as well as how they may be reimagined and remade.