Applying stakeholder Delphi techniques for planning sustainable use of aquatic resources: experiences from upland China, India and Vietnam

Bidragets oversatte titel: Stakeholder Delphi som konsensus og evalueringsværktøj til integreret aktionsplanlægning og 'wise use' af vandmiljøet: erfaringer fra højlandsområder i Kina, Indien og Vietnam

Søren Lund, Gary Thomas Banta, Stuart W Bunting

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Ecosystems sustained by water resources from the Himalayas and adjacent mountainous areas in South East Asia provide a wide range of services to the populations but the pressure on these resources is increasing and users are often strongly competing for access and control over them. The HighARCS (Highland Aquatic Resources Conservation and Sustainable Development) project was a participatory research effort to map and better understand the patterns of resource use and livelihoods of communities who utilize highland aquatic resources in five sites across China, India and Vietnam. The purpose of this paper is to give an account of how the stakeholder Delphi method was adapted and applied to support the participatory integrated action planning facilitated within the HighARCS project. An account of the steps taken and results recorded is given for each of the five sites. Methodological challenges are discussed. The relevance of using the stakeholder Delphi with Kendall’s W and Friedman’s X statistical tests for systematic recognition and documentation of stakeholder positions and knowledge is illustrated. It is argued that it also provides systematic opportunities for pursuing joint interaction with all concerned stakeholders in an iterative fashion, compatible with a joint learning approach to action planning. It was found that the tool was not as effective as expected in creating stakeholder consensus where issues had already been the object of previous research and discussions with local stakeholders or where asymmetrical power relations between stakeholder groups constrained the reliability of responses given by stakeholder Delphi panel members. The HighARCS experience suggests that the Stakeholder Delphi still remains useful as a decision-making device for the selection of appropriate action when applied in combination with action plan feasibility assessment tools. The application of the stakeholder Delphi requires the presence of multidisciplinary and facilitating skills and competences within the implementing teams which should be considered before deciding to include a Stakeholder Delphi as a decision-making tool
Bidragets oversatte titelStakeholder Delphi som konsensus og evalueringsværktøj til integreret aktionsplanlægning og 'wise use' af vandmiljøet: erfaringer fra højlandsområder i Kina, Indien og Vietnam
TidsskriftSustainability of Water Quality and Ecology
Sider (fra-til)14-24
StatusUdgivet - 15 apr. 2015


  • Stakeholder Delphi Method
  • Humans and Natural Ecosystems
  • Upland Aquatic Resources
  • Natural Resource Management
  • Consensus Building Tools
  • Action Planning Methodology
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Sustainable Development
  • Decision-making Tools

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