Spatial variation of grain yields in a field-scale pea-barley intercrop

Frederik V Larsen, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, Simon F Svane, Lars P Kjær

Publikation: KonferencebidragKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskning

Abstract

Crop yield and quality can vary substantially within agricultural fields. Precision farming techniques is one approach to adapt to this spatial challenge by employing site-specific management of field heterogeneity to enhance local crop productivity within the field (Mulla,2013). Another approach is intercropping strategies based on the ecological principles of competition, facilitation and complementarity suggested as an ‘ecological precision farming’ technique where the crop itself will adjust its botanical composition in response to spatially variable resources such as plant-available nitrogen (Jensen et al., 2015).In spring 2020, on a sandy loam soil located 20 km west of Copenhagen, Denmark (558400N, 128180E), we grew a 4.5-hectare field with pea (cv. Ingrid) and barley (cv. KWS Irina) in dual 50%:50% replacement intercrop design as compared to the recommended plant density when sole cropped (100%). In that way the total relative plant density is kept constant when comparing to control strips of sole cropped barley and pea. The experiment was placed along a gradient of known differences in soil texture, bulk density and organic matter content. A plot combine harvester were used to get a spatial impression of the within
field heterogeneity by individually harvesting 15 m2 every 10 m in selected strips across the field. Based on a comprehensive data analysis we discuss how to increase the spatial stability in grain yield and quality of the intercrop components, demonstrating intercropping as a promising and straightforward low-tech approach to reduce the negative impact of field heterogeneity.

Konference

KonferenceIntercropping for sustainability. Research developments and their application
LokationOnline
Periode18/01/202120/01/2021
AndetIncreasing diversity within agricultural systems by intercropping offers a realistic and practical opportunity to enhance and stabilise crop yields and produce food, feed and fuel with fewer inputs. As environmental conditions become more variable, diversifying cropping systems can also reduce production risks. The Horizon 2020-funded projects<br/>DIVERSify and ReMIX, alongside other projects, are conducting research trials as well as working with farmers and other agricultural stakeholders across Europe and internationally to design, test and provide practical solutions for multi-species intercropping. It is timely to bring together the intercropping community to showcase the latest findings on intercropping research from the lab and the field and encourage debate on uptake and best practice.<br/>DIVERSify and ReMIX are working with other Horizon 2020-funded projects in the Crop Diversification Cluster to transfer project findings to scientists, farmers, advisers, industry and policy makers (see www.cropdiversification.eu for information about other joint events).
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