Spatial variability in streambed hydraulic conductivity of contrasting stream morphologies

channel bend and straight channel

Eva Sebok, C Duque, Peter Engesgaard, Eva Boegh

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Streambed hydraulic conductivity is one of the main factors controlling variability in surface water-groundwater interactions, but only few studies aim at quantifying its spatial and temporal variability in different stream morphologies. Streambed horizontal hydraulic conductivities (Kh) were therefore determined from in-stream slug tests, vertical hydraulic conductivities (Kv) were calculated with in-stream permeameter tests and hydraulic heads were measured to obtain vertical head gradients at eight transects, each comprising five test locations, in a groundwater-dominated stream. Seasonal small-scale measurements were taken in December 2011 and August 2012, both in a straight stream channel with homogeneous elevation and downstream of a channel meander with heterogeneous elevation. All streambed attributes showed large spatial variability. Kh values were the highest at the depositional inner bend of the stream, whereas high Kv values were observed at the erosional outer bend and near the middle of the channel. Calculated Kv values were related to the thickness of the organic streambed sediment layer and also showed higher temporal variability than Kh because of sedimentation and scouring processes affecting the upper layers of the streambed. Test locations at the channel bend showed a more heterogeneous distribution of streambed properties than test locations in the straight channel, whereas within the channel bend, higher spatial variability in streambed attributes was observed across the stream than along the stream channel
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHydrological Processes
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)458-472
Antal sider15
ISSN0885-6087
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

Citer dette

Sebok, Eva ; Duque, C ; Engesgaard, Peter ; Boegh, Eva. / Spatial variability in streambed hydraulic conductivity of contrasting stream morphologies : channel bend and straight channel. I: Hydrological Processes. 2015 ; Bind 29, Nr. 3. s. 458-472.
@article{0b035a623aac49688b2c5d2005a76b46,
title = "Spatial variability in streambed hydraulic conductivity of contrasting stream morphologies: channel bend and straight channel",
abstract = "Streambed hydraulic conductivity is one of the main factors controlling variability in surface water-groundwater interactions, but only few studies aim at quantifying its spatial and temporal variability in different stream morphologies. Streambed horizontal hydraulic conductivities (Kh) were therefore determined from in-stream slug tests, vertical hydraulic conductivities (Kv) were calculated with in-stream permeameter tests and hydraulic heads were measured to obtain vertical head gradients at eight transects, each comprising five test locations, in a groundwater-dominated stream. Seasonal small-scale measurements were taken in December 2011 and August 2012, both in a straight stream channel with homogeneous elevation and downstream of a channel meander with heterogeneous elevation. All streambed attributes showed large spatial variability. Kh values were the highest at the depositional inner bend of the stream, whereas high Kv values were observed at the erosional outer bend and near the middle of the channel. Calculated Kv values were related to the thickness of the organic streambed sediment layer and also showed higher temporal variability than Kh because of sedimentation and scouring processes affecting the upper layers of the streambed. Test locations at the channel bend showed a more heterogeneous distribution of streambed properties than test locations in the straight channel, whereas within the channel bend, higher spatial variability in streambed attributes was observed across the stream than along the stream channel",
author = "Eva Sebok and C Duque and Peter Engesgaard and Eva Boegh",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1002/hyp.10170",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "458--472",
journal = "Hydrological Processes",
issn = "0885-6087",
publisher = "John/Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

Spatial variability in streambed hydraulic conductivity of contrasting stream morphologies : channel bend and straight channel. / Sebok, Eva; Duque, C; Engesgaard, Peter; Boegh, Eva.

I: Hydrological Processes, Bind 29, Nr. 3, 2015, s. 458-472.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial variability in streambed hydraulic conductivity of contrasting stream morphologies

T2 - channel bend and straight channel

AU - Sebok, Eva

AU - Duque, C

AU - Engesgaard, Peter

AU - Boegh, Eva

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Streambed hydraulic conductivity is one of the main factors controlling variability in surface water-groundwater interactions, but only few studies aim at quantifying its spatial and temporal variability in different stream morphologies. Streambed horizontal hydraulic conductivities (Kh) were therefore determined from in-stream slug tests, vertical hydraulic conductivities (Kv) were calculated with in-stream permeameter tests and hydraulic heads were measured to obtain vertical head gradients at eight transects, each comprising five test locations, in a groundwater-dominated stream. Seasonal small-scale measurements were taken in December 2011 and August 2012, both in a straight stream channel with homogeneous elevation and downstream of a channel meander with heterogeneous elevation. All streambed attributes showed large spatial variability. Kh values were the highest at the depositional inner bend of the stream, whereas high Kv values were observed at the erosional outer bend and near the middle of the channel. Calculated Kv values were related to the thickness of the organic streambed sediment layer and also showed higher temporal variability than Kh because of sedimentation and scouring processes affecting the upper layers of the streambed. Test locations at the channel bend showed a more heterogeneous distribution of streambed properties than test locations in the straight channel, whereas within the channel bend, higher spatial variability in streambed attributes was observed across the stream than along the stream channel

AB - Streambed hydraulic conductivity is one of the main factors controlling variability in surface water-groundwater interactions, but only few studies aim at quantifying its spatial and temporal variability in different stream morphologies. Streambed horizontal hydraulic conductivities (Kh) were therefore determined from in-stream slug tests, vertical hydraulic conductivities (Kv) were calculated with in-stream permeameter tests and hydraulic heads were measured to obtain vertical head gradients at eight transects, each comprising five test locations, in a groundwater-dominated stream. Seasonal small-scale measurements were taken in December 2011 and August 2012, both in a straight stream channel with homogeneous elevation and downstream of a channel meander with heterogeneous elevation. All streambed attributes showed large spatial variability. Kh values were the highest at the depositional inner bend of the stream, whereas high Kv values were observed at the erosional outer bend and near the middle of the channel. Calculated Kv values were related to the thickness of the organic streambed sediment layer and also showed higher temporal variability than Kh because of sedimentation and scouring processes affecting the upper layers of the streambed. Test locations at the channel bend showed a more heterogeneous distribution of streambed properties than test locations in the straight channel, whereas within the channel bend, higher spatial variability in streambed attributes was observed across the stream than along the stream channel

U2 - 10.1002/hyp.10170

DO - 10.1002/hyp.10170

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 458

EP - 472

JO - Hydrological Processes

JF - Hydrological Processes

SN - 0885-6087

IS - 3

ER -