Soybean biomass produced in Argentina

myths and realities

Stella Semino, Helena Paul, Julia Tomei, Lillian Joensen, Mario Monti, Erling Jelsøe

    Publikation: KonferencebidragPosterForskning

    Resumé

    Soybean biomass for biodiesel, produced in Argentina amongst other places, is considered by some to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change when compared with fossil fuel. To ensure that the production of biofuels is ‘sustainable', EU institutions and national governments are currently designing certification schemes for the sustainable production of biomass. This paper questions the validity of proposed environmental standards, using the production of Argentine soybean as a case study.

    The production of soybean production is associated with profound environmental impacts. The use of pesticides induces resistance in weeds, leading to an increase in the quantity and variety of pesticides used. Soil fertility is declining due to intense production and soil demineralisation is addressed by the use of synthetic fertilisers, whose production is energy intensive and whose use generates emissions of N2O. The large quantity of substances, sprayed by terrestrial and aerial means, has negative impacts on biodiversity, water, soil, and human and animal health. The intensive production of soybeans also leads to social impacts, including loss of livelihoods and food sovereignty, and a rural exodus. Ultimately, the high demand for soybean is a driver of deforestation and the loss of native habitats that are vital to climate stabilisation. In addition, several studies relate deforestation to the outbreak of vector borne diseases which affect human populations. Emissions from soils have been demonstrated in several studies, but the atmospheric impact of soybean cultivation has not been tested in situ. Some of the models for climate impact (N2O emissions etc) are based on in vitro studies, while field data are scarce. The situation, which is outside the control of the EU, has not been sufficiently researched.

    Furthermore, there are serious questions regarding the enforcement of environmental legislation in production countries, particularly now EU countries are adopting mandatory blending of fuels. The study considers that a certification system will not create the conditions for environmental sustainability. This is exemplified by soy, whose cultivation undermines the climate benefit claimed for soy-based biodiesel. This paper concludes that to certify soy monocultures as sustainable would exacerbate existing climatic and environmental problems.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Publikationsdato2009
    Antal sider1
    StatusUdgivet - 2009
    BegivenhedBeyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change - Aarhus University, Danmark
    Varighed: 5 mar. 20097 mar. 2009

    Konference

    KonferenceBeyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change
    LandDanmark
    ByAarhus University
    Periode05/03/200907/03/2009

    Bibliografisk note

    Titel på proceedings: Conference paper submitted for publication in IOP Conference series: Earth and Environmental Science

    Citer dette

    Semino, S., Paul, H., Tomei, J., Joensen, L., Monti, M., & Jelsøe, E. (2009). Soybean biomass produced in Argentina: myths and realities. Poster session præsenteret på Beyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change, Aarhus University, Danmark.
    Semino, Stella ; Paul, Helena ; Tomei, Julia ; Joensen, Lillian ; Monti, Mario ; Jelsøe, Erling. / Soybean biomass produced in Argentina : myths and realities. Poster session præsenteret på Beyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change, Aarhus University, Danmark.1 s.
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    Semino, S, Paul, H, Tomei, J, Joensen, L, Monti, M & Jelsøe, E 2009, 'Soybean biomass produced in Argentina: myths and realities' Beyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change, Aarhus University, Danmark, 05/03/2009 - 07/03/2009, .

    Soybean biomass produced in Argentina : myths and realities. / Semino, Stella; Paul, Helena; Tomei, Julia; Joensen, Lillian; Monti, Mario; Jelsøe, Erling.

    2009. Poster session præsenteret på Beyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change, Aarhus University, Danmark.

    Publikation: KonferencebidragPosterForskning

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Soybean biomass produced in Argentina

    T2 - myths and realities

    AU - Semino, Stella

    AU - Paul, Helena

    AU - Tomei, Julia

    AU - Joensen, Lillian

    AU - Monti, Mario

    AU - Jelsøe, Erling

    N1 - Titel på proceedings: Conference paper submitted for publication in IOP Conference series: Earth and Environmental Science

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Soybean biomass for biodiesel, produced in Argentina amongst other places, is considered by some to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change when compared with fossil fuel. To ensure that the production of biofuels is ‘sustainable', EU institutions and national governments are currently designing certification schemes for the sustainable production of biomass. This paper questions the validity of proposed environmental standards, using the production of Argentine soybean as a case study.The production of soybean production is associated with profound environmental impacts. The use of pesticides induces resistance in weeds, leading to an increase in the quantity and variety of pesticides used. Soil fertility is declining due to intense production and soil demineralisation is addressed by the use of synthetic fertilisers, whose production is energy intensive and whose use generates emissions of N2O. The large quantity of substances, sprayed by terrestrial and aerial means, has negative impacts on biodiversity, water, soil, and human and animal health. The intensive production of soybeans also leads to social impacts, including loss of livelihoods and food sovereignty, and a rural exodus. Ultimately, the high demand for soybean is a driver of deforestation and the loss of native habitats that are vital to climate stabilisation. In addition, several studies relate deforestation to the outbreak of vector borne diseases which affect human populations. Emissions from soils have been demonstrated in several studies, but the atmospheric impact of soybean cultivation has not been tested in situ. Some of the models for climate impact (N2O emissions etc) are based on in vitro studies, while field data are scarce. The situation, which is outside the control of the EU, has not been sufficiently researched.Furthermore, there are serious questions regarding the enforcement of environmental legislation in production countries, particularly now EU countries are adopting mandatory blending of fuels. The study considers that a certification system will not create the conditions for environmental sustainability. This is exemplified by soy, whose cultivation undermines the climate benefit claimed for soy-based biodiesel. This paper concludes that to certify soy monocultures as sustainable would exacerbate existing climatic and environmental problems.

    AB - Soybean biomass for biodiesel, produced in Argentina amongst other places, is considered by some to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change when compared with fossil fuel. To ensure that the production of biofuels is ‘sustainable', EU institutions and national governments are currently designing certification schemes for the sustainable production of biomass. This paper questions the validity of proposed environmental standards, using the production of Argentine soybean as a case study.The production of soybean production is associated with profound environmental impacts. The use of pesticides induces resistance in weeds, leading to an increase in the quantity and variety of pesticides used. Soil fertility is declining due to intense production and soil demineralisation is addressed by the use of synthetic fertilisers, whose production is energy intensive and whose use generates emissions of N2O. The large quantity of substances, sprayed by terrestrial and aerial means, has negative impacts on biodiversity, water, soil, and human and animal health. The intensive production of soybeans also leads to social impacts, including loss of livelihoods and food sovereignty, and a rural exodus. Ultimately, the high demand for soybean is a driver of deforestation and the loss of native habitats that are vital to climate stabilisation. In addition, several studies relate deforestation to the outbreak of vector borne diseases which affect human populations. Emissions from soils have been demonstrated in several studies, but the atmospheric impact of soybean cultivation has not been tested in situ. Some of the models for climate impact (N2O emissions etc) are based on in vitro studies, while field data are scarce. The situation, which is outside the control of the EU, has not been sufficiently researched.Furthermore, there are serious questions regarding the enforcement of environmental legislation in production countries, particularly now EU countries are adopting mandatory blending of fuels. The study considers that a certification system will not create the conditions for environmental sustainability. This is exemplified by soy, whose cultivation undermines the climate benefit claimed for soy-based biodiesel. This paper concludes that to certify soy monocultures as sustainable would exacerbate existing climatic and environmental problems.

    KW - Soybean

    KW - Biodiesel

    KW - Argentina

    KW - Agrochemicals

    KW - Certification

    M3 - Poster

    ER -

    Semino S, Paul H, Tomei J, Joensen L, Monti M, Jelsøe E. Soybean biomass produced in Argentina: myths and realities. 2009. Poster session præsenteret på Beyond Kyoto: Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change, Aarhus University, Danmark.