Simple, expedient methods for the determination of water and electrolyte contents of cellulose solvent systems

L. C. Fidale, S. Kohler, Martin H. G. Prechtl, T. Heinze, O. A. El Seoud

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


The concentrations of water, W, and electrolytes present in solutions of LiCl in N,N-dimethylacetamide, LiCl/DMAc, and of tetrabutylammonium fluoride. x-hydrate in DMSO, TBAF.xW/DMSO can be accurately and expediently determined by three independent methods, UV-vis, FTIR and EMF measurement. The first relies on the use of solvatochromic probes whose spectra are sensitive to solution composition. It is applicable to W/LiCl/DMAc solutions but not to TBAF.xW/DMSO, because the charge-transfer complex bands of the probes are suppressed by strong interactions with the latter electrolyte. Integration of nu(OH) band of water may be employed in order to determine [W], hence [electrolyte] by weight difference. EMF measurement uses ion-selective electrodes in order to determine [electrolyte], hence [W] by weight difference. Results of the latter method were in excellent agreement with those of FTIR. The reason for the failure of Karl Fischer titration is addressed, and the relevance of the results obtained to functionalization of cellulose under homogenous solution conditions is briefly commented on.
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)581-592
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2006
Udgivet eksterntJa

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