Silicic volcanism at Ljosufjoll, Iceland: Insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar-Ar dating

Stephanie Flude, R. Burgess, D. W. McGarvie

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelpeer review

Abstract

Ljosufjoll volcano is the largest outcrop of silicic volcanic material in the volcanic Snaefellsnes flank (non-rifting) zone of Iceland. The silicic eruptives range from trachytes to alkaline and peralkaline (comenditic) rhyolites and show evidence for eruption in both subaerial and subglacial environments. Thirteen silicic eruptive units have been identified and mapped by a combination of field observations and geochemical correlation. The trachytes probably formed by fractional crystallisation of a basaltic magma to form an alkali feldspar-rich trachytic mush, with continued fractionation of the interstitial melt producing low Ba and Sr rhyolite magma. Ar-Ar dating of feldspars and matrix (glass or holocrystalline groundmass) has been carried out on twelve of the units. Many units have a complex Ar-isotopic system, with many samples showing evidence for inherited Ar-40 in the form of feldspar xenocrysts. The deduced eruption ages span an age range from < 129ka to > 650ka. The eruptive history of Ljosufjoll probably extends further back than this but the products of previous eruptions have since been removed by erosion or buried. A syenite xenolith was dated at 1.1Ma, indicating that silicic, alkaline magmatism has been occurring at Ljosufjoll for over one million years. Eruptions of silicic material at Ljosufjoll appear to be more common during times of rapid climate change and fluctuating ice volume. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Vol/bind169
Udgave nummer3-4
Sider (fra-til)154
Antal sider175
ISSN0377-0273
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2008
Udgivet eksterntJa

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