Reversibility of substrate adsorption for the cellulases Cel7A, Cel6A and Cel7B from H. jecorina.

Vanessa de Oliveira Arnoldi Pellegrini, Nina Lei, Madhuri Kysaram, Johan Pelck Olsen, Silke Flindt Badino, Michael Skovbo Windahl, Francieli Colussi, Nicolaj Cruys-Bagger, Kim Borch, Peter Westh

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Adsorption of cellulases on the cellulose surface is an integral part of the catalytic mechanism, and a detailed description of the adsorption process is therefore required for a fundamental understanding of this industrially important class of enzymes. However, the mode of adsorption has proven intricate, and several key questions remain open. Perhaps most notably it is not clear whether the adsorbed enzyme is in dynamic equilibrium with the free population or irreversibly associated with no or slow dissociation. To address this, we have systematically investigated adsorption reversibility for two cellobiohydrolases (Cel7A and Cel6A) and one endoglucanase (Cel7B) on four types of pure cellulose substrates. Specifically, we monitored dilution-induced release of adsorbed enzyme in samples that had previously been brought to a steady state (constant concentration of free enzyme). In simple dilution experiments (without centrifugation), the results consistently showed full reversibility. In contrast to this, resuspension of enzyme–substrate pellets separated by centrifugation showed extensive irreversibility. We conclude that these enzymes are in a dynamic equilibrium between free and adsorbed states but suggest that changes in the physical properties of cellulose caused by compaction of the pellet hampers subsequent release of adsorbed enzyme. This latter effect may be pertinent to both previous controversies in the literature on adsorption reversibility and the development of enzyme recycling protocols in the biomass industry
Udgave nummer42
Sider (fra-til)12602-12609
StatusUdgivet - 2014

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