Rehabiliterende kropsarbejde i hjemmeplejen

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Abstrakt

The article presents an analysis of how the body work of home care is trans­ formed when ideals of care as ‘everyday re­ habilitation’ (also known as ‘reablement’) are implemented in two Danish home care units. The efforts to transform home care into rehabilitative care in the two units, form part of a nation­wide wave of reform­ initiatives, related to discourses of active ageing and to understandings of quality of life in old age as equal to independence of help. With rehabilitative care efforts home care workers are to activate, coach and re­ habilitate elderly citizens to live indepen­ dently and take care of themselves, instead of providing traditional care and assistance, and physically ‘compensating’ for citizens’ disabilities and loss of functional abilities. With a focus on the experiences of home care workers, the article shows how reha­ bilitative care efforts transform the bodily interactions of home care, and how these transformations lead to new care practices, as well as to new understandings of care work as a less ‘dirty’ occupation.
The case­studies of the two home care units showed that rehabilitative care en­ tailed the development of a new optimistic narrative on the nature of home care work. Instead of dealing with illness, decline and ‘dirty’ bodily functions, rehabilitative home care work was understood as deal­ ing with resources, potential and ‘zest for life’. Furthermore the bodily interactions, or ‘bodily choreographies’, of home care became more physically distanced, and new forms of ‘rehabilitative touch’ were developed by care workers. These new bod­ ily choreographies were closely intertwined with the optimistic narrative of home care as resource­oriented and promoting activ­ity and independence. With these new bod­ ily practices and understandings of home care work, a potential for renegotiation of the status of home care work is created. With rehabilitative care, care work may be understood as a less ‘dirty’ occupation and the low status of care work in professional­ and ‘dirt­hierarchies’ may be challenged. However, with the new practices of care, new potentials for tension and conflict also arise in everyday interactions with citizens, since not all elderly citizens seem to share the ambitions of increased independence and bodily self­care.
OriginalsprogDansk
TidsskriftTidsskrift for Arbejdsliv
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer2
ISSN1399-1442
StatusUdgivet - maj 2016

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