Regional institutional change by design: A comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations

Camilla Jensen, Tomasz Dorozynski, Janusz Swierkocki

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review


In the general context of evaluating regional policy and the role of special economic zones in transition, developed and developing countries, the differential role of the zone management companies (ZMCs) under the Polish special economic zones policy is investigated. Only very few prior research designs have been able to investigate this question owing to the relative lack of data on comparative public policy and zone management. We find that all geographies except the Eastern border have succesfull ZMCs. The best performing spend more on infrastructure and tend to have higher governor turnover rates. Promotional outlays and tax allowances are found to be purely compensatory. At the gmina (subzone) level there is a strong impact of the policy on the intensive margin of firms (firm size), but no or a negative impact on the extensive margin (new firms). Bringing the two levels together in a Granger causality analysis suggests that the demand-led design results in a pulling in of the larger sized investors towards pre-existing industrial agglomerations. But subsequently the traditional spillover hypothesis finds support in the data: employment spills over from the zones into their economic adjency or neighbourhoods. In conclusion the best zones irrespective of other factors attract more sizeable firms, more foreign investors and grow them faster. We therefore conclude that governance quality by way of exclusion of other factors must play the largest role in explaining relative success.
Publikationsdato4 jul. 2019
StatusUdgivet - 4 jul. 2019
Begivenhed25th International Panel Data Conference - Bank of Lithuania and Vilnius University, Vilnius, Litauen
Varighed: 4 jul. 20195 jul. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 25 (Program)


Konference25th International Panel Data Conference
LokationBank of Lithuania and Vilnius University
AndetThe aim of the conference is to bring together economists, econometricians, statisticians and social scientists using panel data for their applied and/or theoretical research. We will welcome submissions related to all aspects of panel data, including factor models, dynamic models, non-linear models, models of network formation, spatial models, and applications to forecasting, finance, productivity, health, labor, income inequality, and others. The conference provides an active forum for researchers to discuss their findings from theoretical or empirical viewpoints, seek feedback, exchange ideas for future research and promote active collaboration in all areas of panel data analysis.<br/><br/>Keynote speakers: Manuel Arellano (CEMFI), Peter Egger (ETH Zurich), Ivan Fernandez-Val (Boston University) and Bo Honore (Princeton University).<br/><br/>The conference will commemorate the late Zvi Griliches (1930-1999) and his contributions to econometrics. Manuel Arellano will deliver his keynote talk during the Griliches Memorial Lecture.


  • Panel Data
  • Impact Evaluation
  • Regional Policy
  • Institutional Capacity Building
  • Substitution by Design

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