Regional institutional change by design: a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations

Camilla Jensen, Tomasz Dorozynski, Janusz Swierkocki

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

Resumé

In the general context of evaluating regional policy and the role of special economic zones in transition, developed and developing countries, the differential role of the zone management companies (ZMCs) under the Polish special economic zones policy is investigated. Only very few prior research designs have been able to investigate this question owing to the relative lack of data on comparative public policy and zone management. We find that all geographies except the Eastern border have succesfull ZMCs. The best performing spend more on infrastructure and tend to have higher governor turnover rates. Promotional outlays and tax allowances are found to be purely compensatory. At the gmina (subzone) level there is a strong impact of the policy on the intensive margin of firms (firm size), but no or a negative impact on the extensive margin (new firms). Bringing the two levels together in a Granger causality analysis suggests that the demand-led design results in a pulling in of the larger sized investors towards pre-existing industrial agglomerations. But subsequently the traditional spillover hypothesis finds support in the data: employment spills over from the zones into their economic adjency or neighbourhoods. In conclusion the best zones irrespective of other factors attract more sizeable firms, more foreign investors and grow them faster. We therefore conclude that governance quality by way of exclusion of other factors must play the largest role in explaining relative success.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato20 apr. 2019
StatusAccepteret/In press - 20 apr. 2019
Begivenhed25th International Panel Data Conference - Bank of Lithuania and Vilnius University, Vilnius, Litauen
Varighed: 4 jul. 20195 jul. 2019
https://ipdc2019.org/

Konference

Konference25th International Panel Data Conference
LokationBank of Lithuania and Vilnius University
LandLitauen
ByVilnius
Periode04/07/201905/07/2019
Internetadresse

Emneord

    Citer dette

    Jensen, C., Dorozynski, T., & Swierkocki, J. (Accepteret/In press). Regional institutional change by design: a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations. Afhandling præsenteret på 25th International Panel Data Conference, Vilnius, Litauen.
    Jensen, Camilla ; Dorozynski, Tomasz ; Swierkocki, Janusz. / Regional institutional change by design : a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations. Afhandling præsenteret på 25th International Panel Data Conference, Vilnius, Litauen.
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    abstract = "In the general context of evaluating regional policy and the role of special economic zones in transition, developed and developing countries, the differential role of the zone management companies (ZMCs) under the Polish special economic zones policy is investigated. Only very few prior research designs have been able to investigate this question owing to the relative lack of data on comparative public policy and zone management. We find that all geographies except the Eastern border have succesfull ZMCs. The best performing spend more on infrastructure and tend to have higher governor turnover rates. Promotional outlays and tax allowances are found to be purely compensatory. At the gmina (subzone) level there is a strong impact of the policy on the intensive margin of firms (firm size), but no or a negative impact on the extensive margin (new firms). Bringing the two levels together in a Granger causality analysis suggests that the demand-led design results in a pulling in of the larger sized investors towards pre-existing industrial agglomerations. But subsequently the traditional spillover hypothesis finds support in the data: employment spills over from the zones into their economic adjency or neighbourhoods. In conclusion the best zones irrespective of other factors attract more sizeable firms, more foreign investors and grow them faster. We therefore conclude that governance quality by way of exclusion of other factors must play the largest role in explaining relative success.",
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    Jensen, C, Dorozynski, T & Swierkocki, J 2019, 'Regional institutional change by design: a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations' Paper fremlagt ved, Vilnius, Litauen, 04/07/2019 - 05/07/2019, .

    Regional institutional change by design : a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations. / Jensen, Camilla; Dorozynski, Tomasz; Swierkocki, Janusz.

    2019. Afhandling præsenteret på 25th International Panel Data Conference, Vilnius, Litauen.

    Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Regional institutional change by design

    T2 - a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations

    AU - Jensen, Camilla

    AU - Dorozynski, Tomasz

    AU - Swierkocki, Janusz

    PY - 2019/4/20

    Y1 - 2019/4/20

    N2 - In the general context of evaluating regional policy and the role of special economic zones in transition, developed and developing countries, the differential role of the zone management companies (ZMCs) under the Polish special economic zones policy is investigated. Only very few prior research designs have been able to investigate this question owing to the relative lack of data on comparative public policy and zone management. We find that all geographies except the Eastern border have succesfull ZMCs. The best performing spend more on infrastructure and tend to have higher governor turnover rates. Promotional outlays and tax allowances are found to be purely compensatory. At the gmina (subzone) level there is a strong impact of the policy on the intensive margin of firms (firm size), but no or a negative impact on the extensive margin (new firms). Bringing the two levels together in a Granger causality analysis suggests that the demand-led design results in a pulling in of the larger sized investors towards pre-existing industrial agglomerations. But subsequently the traditional spillover hypothesis finds support in the data: employment spills over from the zones into their economic adjency or neighbourhoods. In conclusion the best zones irrespective of other factors attract more sizeable firms, more foreign investors and grow them faster. We therefore conclude that governance quality by way of exclusion of other factors must play the largest role in explaining relative success.

    AB - In the general context of evaluating regional policy and the role of special economic zones in transition, developed and developing countries, the differential role of the zone management companies (ZMCs) under the Polish special economic zones policy is investigated. Only very few prior research designs have been able to investigate this question owing to the relative lack of data on comparative public policy and zone management. We find that all geographies except the Eastern border have succesfull ZMCs. The best performing spend more on infrastructure and tend to have higher governor turnover rates. Promotional outlays and tax allowances are found to be purely compensatory. At the gmina (subzone) level there is a strong impact of the policy on the intensive margin of firms (firm size), but no or a negative impact on the extensive margin (new firms). Bringing the two levels together in a Granger causality analysis suggests that the demand-led design results in a pulling in of the larger sized investors towards pre-existing industrial agglomerations. But subsequently the traditional spillover hypothesis finds support in the data: employment spills over from the zones into their economic adjency or neighbourhoods. In conclusion the best zones irrespective of other factors attract more sizeable firms, more foreign investors and grow them faster. We therefore conclude that governance quality by way of exclusion of other factors must play the largest role in explaining relative success.

    KW - Panel Data

    KW - Impact Evaluation

    KW - Regional Policy

    KW - Institutional Capacity Building

    KW - Substitution by Design

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Jensen C, Dorozynski T, Swierkocki J. Regional institutional change by design: a comparative analysis of Poland's special economic zones administrations. 2019. Afhandling præsenteret på 25th International Panel Data Conference, Vilnius, Litauen.