Reflection on Digital Cities

Mika Yasuoka, Toru Ishida

Publikation: AndetUdgivelser på nettet - Net-publikationForskningpeer review


A global phenomenon of establishing regional information spaces in the 90's has explored possibilities of information and communication technology (ICT) for facilitating and empowering city functions such as community activities, local economy, political discourse, and public services. The experimental living lab which connected physical and digital spaces emerged, and such technologically empowered activities were called digital cities, community network, virtual cities and cyber cities. Although characteristics of such digital cities differ from region to region, these early trials of regional information spaces often have something in common; regarded as chaotic and unstructured engineering utopia and evaluated and emphasized heavily from technological excellence point of view.
Looking back the digital city activities 20 years later, the movement is often regarded as one of the contributors in formulating a direction of current urban digitalization and creating a solid foundation of smart city technologies that we embrace now. From digital city’s point of view, however, direct connections between the two forms of regional information spaces seems quite limited. Actors, stakeholders, and objectives and charms in smart city are largely different from those in digital cities. In the era of smart cities, city-based information spaces become more commercialistic and political. Moreover, equivalent societal challenges in cities, which partially had emerged in digital cities, have become prominent.
By reflecting on the trajectory of advancement of digital cities, and by re-visit digital cities from smart city era, clear differences between these two concepts became evident. Among them, diversity of approaches from technological, political and socio-economical agendas exists with different balance. At the same time, many of the current social, political and industrial challenges have rooted or at least inherited largely from those of digital cities
Publikationsdato23 aug. 2023
UdgiverOxford University Press
StatusUdgivet - 23 aug. 2023

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