Reduction in gastroenteritis in United States children and correlation with early rotavirus vaccine uptake from national medical claims databases

Margaret M. Cortese, Jacqueline E. Tate, Lone Simonsen, Laurel Edelman, Umesh D. Parashar

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate rotavirus disease reduction among children in hospital and office settings in the 4 US regions following rotavirus vaccine introduction and to estimate vaccine uptake. METHODS: Two national third-party payer medical claims databases were used to examine the number of visits for gastroenteritis per annual nongastroenteritis visits among children aged <5 years during July 2003 to June 2008 in hospital and office settings. The gastroenteritis burden attributable to rotavirus was computed as the excess of all gastroenteritis visits during rotavirus seasons above the baseline of visits during nonrotavirus periods. Rotavirus vaccine uptake was estimated by comparing claims for rotavirus vaccine with those for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines. RESULTS: In the South, Northeast, and Midwest, the typical winter-spring gastroenteritis peak due to rotavirus was markedly dampened in 2007-2008. Compared with the mean for 3 prevaccine seasons, the excess gastroenteritis visits that occurred during the 2007-2008 rotavirus season was reduced by >90% among infants in all care settings in 3 regions and by >70% among children aged 1 to 4 years. In the West, disease reductions were lower (53%-63% reduction among hospitalized infants). At the onset of the 2007-2008 season, coverage with > or =1 rotavirus vaccine dose was an estimated 57% among infants, 17% among children aged 1 year, and 0 among those aged 2 to 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: The rotavirus burden in 2007-2008 was markedly reduced in all US regions and exceeded that explained by only direct protection of the youngest vaccinated children.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)489-494
ISSN0891-3668
StatusUdgivet - 2010

Citer dette

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title = "Reduction in gastroenteritis in United States children and correlation with early rotavirus vaccine uptake from national medical claims databases",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate rotavirus disease reduction among children in hospital and office settings in the 4 US regions following rotavirus vaccine introduction and to estimate vaccine uptake. METHODS: Two national third-party payer medical claims databases were used to examine the number of visits for gastroenteritis per annual nongastroenteritis visits among children aged <5 years during July 2003 to June 2008 in hospital and office settings. The gastroenteritis burden attributable to rotavirus was computed as the excess of all gastroenteritis visits during rotavirus seasons above the baseline of visits during nonrotavirus periods. Rotavirus vaccine uptake was estimated by comparing claims for rotavirus vaccine with those for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines. RESULTS: In the South, Northeast, and Midwest, the typical winter-spring gastroenteritis peak due to rotavirus was markedly dampened in 2007-2008. Compared with the mean for 3 prevaccine seasons, the excess gastroenteritis visits that occurred during the 2007-2008 rotavirus season was reduced by >90{\%} among infants in all care settings in 3 regions and by >70{\%} among children aged 1 to 4 years. In the West, disease reductions were lower (53{\%}-63{\%} reduction among hospitalized infants). At the onset of the 2007-2008 season, coverage with > or =1 rotavirus vaccine dose was an estimated 57{\%} among infants, 17{\%} among children aged 1 year, and 0 among those aged 2 to 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: The rotavirus burden in 2007-2008 was markedly reduced in all US regions and exceeded that explained by only direct protection of the youngest vaccinated children.",
author = "Cortese, {Margaret M.} and Tate, {Jacqueline E.} and Lone Simonsen and Laurel Edelman and Parashar, {Umesh D.}",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "489--494",
journal = "The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal",
issn = "0891-3668",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

Reduction in gastroenteritis in United States children and correlation with early rotavirus vaccine uptake from national medical claims databases. / Cortese, Margaret M.; Tate, Jacqueline E.; Simonsen, Lone; Edelman, Laurel; Parashar, Umesh D.

I: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Bind 29, Nr. 6, 2010, s. 489-494.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduction in gastroenteritis in United States children and correlation with early rotavirus vaccine uptake from national medical claims databases

AU - Cortese, Margaret M.

AU - Tate, Jacqueline E.

AU - Simonsen, Lone

AU - Edelman, Laurel

AU - Parashar, Umesh D.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate rotavirus disease reduction among children in hospital and office settings in the 4 US regions following rotavirus vaccine introduction and to estimate vaccine uptake. METHODS: Two national third-party payer medical claims databases were used to examine the number of visits for gastroenteritis per annual nongastroenteritis visits among children aged <5 years during July 2003 to June 2008 in hospital and office settings. The gastroenteritis burden attributable to rotavirus was computed as the excess of all gastroenteritis visits during rotavirus seasons above the baseline of visits during nonrotavirus periods. Rotavirus vaccine uptake was estimated by comparing claims for rotavirus vaccine with those for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines. RESULTS: In the South, Northeast, and Midwest, the typical winter-spring gastroenteritis peak due to rotavirus was markedly dampened in 2007-2008. Compared with the mean for 3 prevaccine seasons, the excess gastroenteritis visits that occurred during the 2007-2008 rotavirus season was reduced by >90% among infants in all care settings in 3 regions and by >70% among children aged 1 to 4 years. In the West, disease reductions were lower (53%-63% reduction among hospitalized infants). At the onset of the 2007-2008 season, coverage with > or =1 rotavirus vaccine dose was an estimated 57% among infants, 17% among children aged 1 year, and 0 among those aged 2 to 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: The rotavirus burden in 2007-2008 was markedly reduced in all US regions and exceeded that explained by only direct protection of the youngest vaccinated children.

AB - BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate rotavirus disease reduction among children in hospital and office settings in the 4 US regions following rotavirus vaccine introduction and to estimate vaccine uptake. METHODS: Two national third-party payer medical claims databases were used to examine the number of visits for gastroenteritis per annual nongastroenteritis visits among children aged <5 years during July 2003 to June 2008 in hospital and office settings. The gastroenteritis burden attributable to rotavirus was computed as the excess of all gastroenteritis visits during rotavirus seasons above the baseline of visits during nonrotavirus periods. Rotavirus vaccine uptake was estimated by comparing claims for rotavirus vaccine with those for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines. RESULTS: In the South, Northeast, and Midwest, the typical winter-spring gastroenteritis peak due to rotavirus was markedly dampened in 2007-2008. Compared with the mean for 3 prevaccine seasons, the excess gastroenteritis visits that occurred during the 2007-2008 rotavirus season was reduced by >90% among infants in all care settings in 3 regions and by >70% among children aged 1 to 4 years. In the West, disease reductions were lower (53%-63% reduction among hospitalized infants). At the onset of the 2007-2008 season, coverage with > or =1 rotavirus vaccine dose was an estimated 57% among infants, 17% among children aged 1 year, and 0 among those aged 2 to 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: The rotavirus burden in 2007-2008 was markedly reduced in all US regions and exceeded that explained by only direct protection of the youngest vaccinated children.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 489

EP - 494

JO - The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

JF - The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

SN - 0891-3668

IS - 6

ER -