Protective practices against tick bites in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: a questionnaire-based study

Martin Tugwell Jepsen, Pikka Jokelainen, Solveig Jore, Anders Boman, Daniel Slunge, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background
Tick-borne infections are of emerging and increasing concern in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Only few studies have investigated protective practices against tick bites in the general population. The aim of this multi-country study was to assess the use of protective practices and the perception of the efficacy of them.

Methods
We surveyed the extent of using protective practices against tick bites, using the same questionnaire in three local languages. In addition, we surveyed perceptions of how good a protection the different practices provide. Altogether 783 individuals from Denmark, 789 from Norway and 1096 from Sweden participated in the study by completing an extensive online questionnaire in October 2016.

Results
Altogether 1011 respondents (37.9%) reported using at least three different protective practices either often or always when in areas where there are ticks, while 522 (19.6%) reported using none. Female gender was among the factors identified as positively associated with using several of the specific practices often or always when in areas where there are ticks. The gender-difference in extent of using protective practices against tick bites was particularly pronounced in Sweden. Based on a multivariable logistic regression model, being female, being from Sweden, and having experienced one or more tick bites were positively associated with using at least three different protective practices against tick bites either often or always when in areas where there are ticks (odds ratios 1.90, 1.87 and 1.88, respectively).

Conclusions
The results of our study, especially the observed differences by country and by gender, can be useful in targeting future information to the public. In particular, our results suggest that men across all ages should be considered a specific target group for this information.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1344
TidsskriftBMC Public Health
Vol/bind2019
Udgave nummer19
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Citer dette

Jepsen, Martin Tugwell ; Jokelainen, Pikka ; Jore, Solveig ; Boman, Anders ; Slunge, Daniel ; Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki. / Protective practices against tick bites in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: a questionnaire-based study. I: BMC Public Health. 2019 ; Bind 2019, Nr. 19.
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title = "Protective practices against tick bites in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: a questionnaire-based study",
abstract = "BackgroundTick-borne infections are of emerging and increasing concern in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Only few studies have investigated protective practices against tick bites in the general population. The aim of this multi-country study was to assess the use of protective practices and the perception of the efficacy of them.MethodsWe surveyed the extent of using protective practices against tick bites, using the same questionnaire in three local languages. In addition, we surveyed perceptions of how good a protection the different practices provide. Altogether 783 individuals from Denmark, 789 from Norway and 1096 from Sweden participated in the study by completing an extensive online questionnaire in October 2016.ResultsAltogether 1011 respondents (37.9{\%}) reported using at least three different protective practices either often or always when in areas where there are ticks, while 522 (19.6{\%}) reported using none. Female gender was among the factors identified as positively associated with using several of the specific practices often or always when in areas where there are ticks. The gender-difference in extent of using protective practices against tick bites was particularly pronounced in Sweden. Based on a multivariable logistic regression model, being female, being from Sweden, and having experienced one or more tick bites were positively associated with using at least three different protective practices against tick bites either often or always when in areas where there are ticks (odds ratios 1.90, 1.87 and 1.88, respectively).ConclusionsThe results of our study, especially the observed differences by country and by gender, can be useful in targeting future information to the public. In particular, our results suggest that men across all ages should be considered a specific target group for this information.",
author = "Jepsen, {Martin Tugwell} and Pikka Jokelainen and Solveig Jore and Anders Boman and Daniel Slunge and Krogfelt, {Karen Angeliki}",
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Protective practices against tick bites in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: a questionnaire-based study. / Jepsen, Martin Tugwell; Jokelainen, Pikka; Jore, Solveig; Boman, Anders; Slunge, Daniel; Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki.

I: BMC Public Health, Bind 2019, Nr. 19, 1344, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protective practices against tick bites in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: a questionnaire-based study

AU - Jepsen, Martin Tugwell

AU - Jokelainen, Pikka

AU - Jore, Solveig

AU - Boman, Anders

AU - Slunge, Daniel

AU - Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - BackgroundTick-borne infections are of emerging and increasing concern in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Only few studies have investigated protective practices against tick bites in the general population. The aim of this multi-country study was to assess the use of protective practices and the perception of the efficacy of them.MethodsWe surveyed the extent of using protective practices against tick bites, using the same questionnaire in three local languages. In addition, we surveyed perceptions of how good a protection the different practices provide. Altogether 783 individuals from Denmark, 789 from Norway and 1096 from Sweden participated in the study by completing an extensive online questionnaire in October 2016.ResultsAltogether 1011 respondents (37.9%) reported using at least three different protective practices either often or always when in areas where there are ticks, while 522 (19.6%) reported using none. Female gender was among the factors identified as positively associated with using several of the specific practices often or always when in areas where there are ticks. The gender-difference in extent of using protective practices against tick bites was particularly pronounced in Sweden. Based on a multivariable logistic regression model, being female, being from Sweden, and having experienced one or more tick bites were positively associated with using at least three different protective practices against tick bites either often or always when in areas where there are ticks (odds ratios 1.90, 1.87 and 1.88, respectively).ConclusionsThe results of our study, especially the observed differences by country and by gender, can be useful in targeting future information to the public. In particular, our results suggest that men across all ages should be considered a specific target group for this information.

AB - BackgroundTick-borne infections are of emerging and increasing concern in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Only few studies have investigated protective practices against tick bites in the general population. The aim of this multi-country study was to assess the use of protective practices and the perception of the efficacy of them.MethodsWe surveyed the extent of using protective practices against tick bites, using the same questionnaire in three local languages. In addition, we surveyed perceptions of how good a protection the different practices provide. Altogether 783 individuals from Denmark, 789 from Norway and 1096 from Sweden participated in the study by completing an extensive online questionnaire in October 2016.ResultsAltogether 1011 respondents (37.9%) reported using at least three different protective practices either often or always when in areas where there are ticks, while 522 (19.6%) reported using none. Female gender was among the factors identified as positively associated with using several of the specific practices often or always when in areas where there are ticks. The gender-difference in extent of using protective practices against tick bites was particularly pronounced in Sweden. Based on a multivariable logistic regression model, being female, being from Sweden, and having experienced one or more tick bites were positively associated with using at least three different protective practices against tick bites either often or always when in areas where there are ticks (odds ratios 1.90, 1.87 and 1.88, respectively).ConclusionsThe results of our study, especially the observed differences by country and by gender, can be useful in targeting future information to the public. In particular, our results suggest that men across all ages should be considered a specific target group for this information.

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-019-7613-4

DO - 10.1186/s12889-019-7613-4

M3 - Journal article

VL - 2019

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 19

M1 - 1344

ER -