Polycyclic Aromatic Acids Are Primary Metabolites of Alkyl-PAHsA Case Study with Nereis diversicolor

Linus Mattias Valdemar Malmquist, Henriette Selck, Kåre B Jørgensen, Jan Christensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Although concentrations of alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (alkyl-PAHs) in oil-contaminated sediments are higher than those of unsubstituted PAHs, only little attention has been given to metabolism and ecotoxicity of alkyl-PAHs. In this study we demonstrated that metabolism of alkyl-PAHs primarily forms polycyclic aromatic acids (PAAs). We generalize this to other alkyl-PAHs, based on literature and the present study of the metabolism of 1-methylphenanthrene, 3,6-dimethylphenanthrene, and 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-methylchrysene related to their unsubstituted parent PAHs. Also, we observed that body burdens and production of PAAs was related to the position of the methyl group, showing the same isomer specific preferences as for microbial degradation of alkyl-PAHs. We detected a high production of PAAs, and larger metabolism of alkyl-PAHs than their unsubstituted parent PAHs. We therefore propose that carboxylic acid metabolites of alkyl-PAHs have the potential of constituting a new class of contaminants in marine waters that needs attention in relation to ecological risk assessments.
OriginalsprogDansk
TidsskriftEnvironmental Science & Technology (Washington)
Vol/bind49
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)5713-5721
ISSN0013-936X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

Citer dette

Malmquist, Linus Mattias Valdemar ; Selck, Henriette ; Jørgensen, Kåre B ; Christensen, Jan. / Polycyclic Aromatic Acids Are Primary Metabolites of Alkyl-PAHsA Case Study with Nereis diversicolor. I: Environmental Science & Technology (Washington). 2015 ; Bind 49, Nr. 9. s. 5713-5721.
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title = "Polycyclic Aromatic Acids Are Primary Metabolites of Alkyl-PAHsA Case Study with Nereis diversicolor",
abstract = "Although concentrations of alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (alkyl-PAHs) in oil-contaminated sediments are higher than those of unsubstituted PAHs, only little attention has been given to metabolism and ecotoxicity of alkyl-PAHs. In this study we demonstrated that metabolism of alkyl-PAHs primarily forms polycyclic aromatic acids (PAAs). We generalize this to other alkyl-PAHs, based on literature and the present study of the metabolism of 1-methylphenanthrene, 3,6-dimethylphenanthrene, and 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-methylchrysene related to their unsubstituted parent PAHs. Also, we observed that body burdens and production of PAAs was related to the position of the methyl group, showing the same isomer specific preferences as for microbial degradation of alkyl-PAHs. We detected a high production of PAAs, and larger metabolism of alkyl-PAHs than their unsubstituted parent PAHs. We therefore propose that carboxylic acid metabolites of alkyl-PAHs have the potential of constituting a new class of contaminants in marine waters that needs attention in relation to ecological risk assessments.",
author = "Malmquist, {Linus Mattias Valdemar} and Henriette Selck and J{\o}rgensen, {K{\aa}re B} and Jan Christensen",
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Polycyclic Aromatic Acids Are Primary Metabolites of Alkyl-PAHsA Case Study with Nereis diversicolor. / Malmquist, Linus Mattias Valdemar; Selck, Henriette; Jørgensen, Kåre B; Christensen, Jan.

I: Environmental Science & Technology (Washington), Bind 49, Nr. 9, 2015, s. 5713-5721.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polycyclic Aromatic Acids Are Primary Metabolites of Alkyl-PAHsA Case Study with Nereis diversicolor

AU - Malmquist, Linus Mattias Valdemar

AU - Selck, Henriette

AU - Jørgensen, Kåre B

AU - Christensen, Jan

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Although concentrations of alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (alkyl-PAHs) in oil-contaminated sediments are higher than those of unsubstituted PAHs, only little attention has been given to metabolism and ecotoxicity of alkyl-PAHs. In this study we demonstrated that metabolism of alkyl-PAHs primarily forms polycyclic aromatic acids (PAAs). We generalize this to other alkyl-PAHs, based on literature and the present study of the metabolism of 1-methylphenanthrene, 3,6-dimethylphenanthrene, and 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-methylchrysene related to their unsubstituted parent PAHs. Also, we observed that body burdens and production of PAAs was related to the position of the methyl group, showing the same isomer specific preferences as for microbial degradation of alkyl-PAHs. We detected a high production of PAAs, and larger metabolism of alkyl-PAHs than their unsubstituted parent PAHs. We therefore propose that carboxylic acid metabolites of alkyl-PAHs have the potential of constituting a new class of contaminants in marine waters that needs attention in relation to ecological risk assessments.

AB - Although concentrations of alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (alkyl-PAHs) in oil-contaminated sediments are higher than those of unsubstituted PAHs, only little attention has been given to metabolism and ecotoxicity of alkyl-PAHs. In this study we demonstrated that metabolism of alkyl-PAHs primarily forms polycyclic aromatic acids (PAAs). We generalize this to other alkyl-PAHs, based on literature and the present study of the metabolism of 1-methylphenanthrene, 3,6-dimethylphenanthrene, and 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-methylchrysene related to their unsubstituted parent PAHs. Also, we observed that body burdens and production of PAAs was related to the position of the methyl group, showing the same isomer specific preferences as for microbial degradation of alkyl-PAHs. We detected a high production of PAAs, and larger metabolism of alkyl-PAHs than their unsubstituted parent PAHs. We therefore propose that carboxylic acid metabolites of alkyl-PAHs have the potential of constituting a new class of contaminants in marine waters that needs attention in relation to ecological risk assessments.

U2 - 10.1021/acs.est.5b01453

DO - 10.1021/acs.est.5b01453

M3 - Tidsskriftartikel

VL - 49

SP - 5713

EP - 5721

JO - Environmental Science & Technology (Washington)

JF - Environmental Science & Technology (Washington)

SN - 0013-936X

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ER -