Policies of school-to-work transitions and VET in Sweden, Denmark and Finland

Christian Helms Jørgensen, Lisbeth Lundahl , Tero Järvinen

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review


All over Europe, a range of policy measures to support young people’s school-to-work transitions have been initiated. However, these transition policies have rarely been studied systematically, particularly not from a comparative perspective. The aim of this article is to compare Swedish, Danish and Finnish policies for supporting young people’s edu¬ca¬¬tional and school-to-work transitions, with a particular focus on NEETs and dropouts. The comparison is exploratory and aims to illuminate the strengths and weaknesses of each system in reducing dropout rates and promoting smooth transitions. We draw on Walther (2006)’s classification of transition regimes that emphasises collective social responsibility, individual motivation and personal development as characteristics of the Nordic universalistic regime of youth transitions. We conclude that transition policies in many cases diverge from the qualities ascribed to the Nordic transition regime by adopting coercive measures, reducing social support and making young people individually responsible for their successful transitions. While labour markets in these countries are increasingly inaccessible for certain groups of youth such as early school leavers and migrant youth, the political discourse is marked more by ideas of employability and vulnerability than of personal development and citizenship.
Publikationsdato24 mar. 2017
Antal sider28
StatusUdgivet - 24 mar. 2017
Begivenhed45th Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA) - Aalborg Universitet Kbh, Copenhagen, Danmark
Varighed: 23 mar. 201725 mar. 2017


Konference45th Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA)
LokationAalborg Universitet Kbh
AndetLearning and education – material conditions and consequences

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