Background: Helicobacter pylori plays an important role in peptic ulcer disease, although not all H. pylori-infected persons will develop a peptic ulcer. Currently, H. pylori strains cannot be divided into commensals and pathogens. Methods: Fifty H. pylori strains were cultured from patients divided into five groups on the basis of upper endoscopic findings: gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, gastritis, esophagitis, or normal. The ultrastructural adherence pattern in vivo, autoagglutination, hemagglutination, adhesion to human gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) cells, and the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) profile of H. pylori strains were recorded; randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and urease gene typing were performed and correlated with diagnostic groups. Results: Electron micrographs showed that H. pylori strains from patients with gastric ulcers adhered more frequently through filamentous strands and were less frequently found free in mucus than any other diagnostic group (P < 0.0001). Neither median hemagglutination titer nor median adhesion capacity to a human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line was related to endoscopic findings. Nevertheless, H. pylori strains from patients with gastric ulcers were more prone to autoagglutinate than were strains from the other diagnostic groups (P = 0.03). H. pylori strains from gastric ulcer patients were found to be more homogeneous, as determined by RAPD and urease gene typing, than strains from the other diagnostic groups (P < 0.01). In addition, a positive correlation was found between a patient's age and the adhesion to AGS cells of the patient's H. pylori strain (P = 0.006). Conclusion: A combination of an H. pylori autoagglutination test, RAPD, and urease gene typing may be useful in separating gastric ulcer-related strains from duodenal ulcer-related and non-ulcer dyspepsia-related strains.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Vibeke Binder, DMSci, and Ole Østergaard Thomsen, DMSci, for critical revision of the manuscript. We would like to thank Kirsten Herup, Lene Bay, and Jonas Krabbe for excellent technical assistance. This research was supported by grants from the Jacob Madsen and Olga Madsens Foundation, the Novo Nordisk Foundation, the Danish National Research Foundation, and the Danish Medical Association’s Research Foundation.