Perspectives on Political Party Death: Theorizing and Testing Downsian and Sociological Rationales

Bidragets oversatte titel: Perspektiver på Politiske Partiers Død

Nicole Bolleyer, Raimondas Ibenskas, Carina Saxlund Bischoff

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Which of the new political parties that emerged in advanced democracies faded away and which ones managed to survive and why? Considering a party as dead once it ceases to nominate candidates in any elections, we develop two sets of hypotheses to account for party death derived from two conceptions of political parties. One conceptualizes parties as vehicles formed by career-oriented politicians eager to maximize individual rewards. Failure to deliver seats or government access is therefore expected to predict an earlier death. The other conceptualizes parties as societal organizations that serve representational functions valued in themselves by elites and members alike. This conception stresses the importance of roots in society or ideological novelty. Using survival analysis, we test our hypotheses in 17 advanced democracies based on a new data set covering 144 new parties from birth until their (potential) death. Arguments derived from both conceptions have significant support stressing the complexity of the drivers underpinning parties’ very existence.
Bidragets oversatte titelPerspektiver på Politiske Partiers Død
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Political Science Review
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)19-35
ISSN1755-7739
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Citer dette