Patient experiences of closed-incision negative pressure therapy on groin incisions after discharge following peripheral arterial surgery: A qualitative study

Camilla Borch Graversen, Malene Missel, Sally Jakobsen*

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


BACKGROUND: Closed-incision negative pressure therapy may lower the risk of surgical site infections in patients after peripheral arterial surgery.

AIM: To explore patient experience of negative pressure therapy applied to groin incisions after discharge following peripheral arterial surgery, and to study their perception and attitudes toward the self-care information sheet they received at the vascular department.

METHODS: A qualitative study underpinned by Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics was conducted semi-structured interviews by telephone around day seven after therapy ended with ten participants. All had received self-care information sheet at the discharge and been home with closed-incision negative pressure therapy for 3-6 days. The participants had open peripheral arterial surgery in the groin in form of femoral thromboendarterectomy. Kvale and Brinkmann's research guided the data collection, analysis, and interpretation.

FINDINGS: Patients found themselves coping with an unfamiliar situation after peripheral arterial surgery and the need arose to conceal the pump and tubing that were part of their incision treatment to protect their self-image. Their treatment became a constant companion, with some patients viewing the equipment as an extension of their bodies and others feeling its impact on activities of daily living. Patients perceived the treatment as providing reassurance, albeit with constraints, leading to feelings of manageability and an increasing sense of control. They viewed the written information as informative but with room for improvement.

CONCLUSIONS: Patient experiences of closed-incision negative pressure therapy on groin incisions after discharge following peripheral arterial surgery showed that they perceived it as safe and manageable. Patients need support, however, in learning how to hide the treatment and to expand their own involvement and improve self-care. The study found that patient involvement and individually tailored information is essential to facilitating a healthy transition from hospital to self-care at home and that written information must be improved further.

TidsskriftJournal of Vascular Nursing
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)171-179
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023
Udgivet eksterntJa

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