Past and present African citizenships of slave descent

Lessons from Benin

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    This paper takes up the notion of citizenship and ethnicity as forms of belonging in the context of globalisation. The discussion draws on a case study focusing on a Fulfuldephone servile group from Northern Benin called the Gando. Since pre-colonial times, their servile status ascribed by birth has been an argument for placing them at the margins of their society and excluding them from political participation. While still claiming their belonging to the nation-state of Benin and the Fulbe's culture, the Gando have progressively built a new social identity that is showing to be a new ethnic group. In the context of the decentralisation reform implemented in 2002-2003, the Gando have taken the opportunity to access local power; they conquered municipal power in the 2003 and 2008 local elections. In doing so they opened the gates to a full citizenship that in the context of today's Benin means a clientelistic citizenship. Contrary to recent literature focused on the simultaneous emergence of belonging dynamics and violent conflicts in the context of recent globalisation in developing countries, the author argues that belonging dynamics do not necessarily imply violent conflicts and exclusion dynamics.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftCitizenship Studies
    Vol/bind15
    Udgave nummer1
    Sider (fra-til)75-92
    Antal sider18
    ISSN1362-1025
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2011

    Emneord

    • medborgerskab
    • identitetpolitik
    • konflikter
    • Vestafrika

    Citer dette

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    title = "Past and present African citizenships of slave descent: Lessons from Benin",
    abstract = "This paper takes up the notion of citizenship and ethnicity as forms of belonging in the context of globalisation. The discussion draws on a case study focusing on a Fulfuldephone servile group from Northern Benin called the Gando. Since pre-colonial times, their servile status ascribed by birth has been an argument for placing them at the margins of their society and excluding them from political participation. While still claiming their belonging to the nation-state of Benin and the Fulbe's culture, the Gando have progressively built a new social identity that is showing to be a new ethnic group. In the context of the decentralisation reform implemented in 2002-2003, the Gando have taken the opportunity to access local power; they conquered municipal power in the 2003 and 2008 local elections. In doing so they opened the gates to a full citizenship that in the context of today's Benin means a clientelistic citizenship. Contrary to recent literature focused on the simultaneous emergence of belonging dynamics and violent conflicts in the context of recent globalisation in developing countries, the author argues that belonging dynamics do not necessarily imply violent conflicts and exclusion dynamics.",
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    Past and present African citizenships of slave descent : Lessons from Benin. / Hahonou, Eric Komlavi.

    I: Citizenship Studies, Bind 15, Nr. 1, 2011, s. 75-92.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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    KW - medborgerskab

    KW - identitetpolitik

    KW - konflikter

    KW - Vestafrika

    KW - citizenship

    KW - identity politics

    KW - conflicts

    KW - West Africa

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