One-bond 1J(15N,H) coupling constants at sp2 hybridized nitrogen of Schiff bases, enaminones and similar compounds. A theoretical study.

Poul Erik Hansen*, Bahjat Ali Saeed, Rita S. Elias, Teobald Kupka*

*Corresponding author

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1J(15N,H) coupling constants for enaminones and NH‐forms of intramolecularly hydrogen bonded Schiff bases as model compounds for sp2 hybridized nitrogen atoms are evaluated using density functional theory (DFT) to find the optimal functionals and basis sets. Ammonia is used as a test molecule and its one‐bond coupling constant is compared with experiment. A methyl amine Schiff base of a truncated molecule of gossypol is used for checking the performance of selected B3LYP, O3LYP, PBE, BHandH and APFD density functionals and standard, modified and dedicated basis sets for coupling constants. Both in vacuum and in chloroform, modeled by the simple continuum model of solvent, the modified basis sets predict significantly better the 1J(15N,H) value in ammonia and in the methyl amine Schiff base of a truncated molecule of gossypol than the standard basis sets. This procure is then used on a broad set of intramolecularly hydrogen bonded molecules and a good correlation between calculated and experimental one bond NH coupling constants is obtained. The 1J(15N,H) couplings are slightly overestimated. The calculated data show for hydrogen bonded NH interatomic distances that the calculated values depend on the NH bond lengths. The shorter the bond lengths, the larger the 1J(15N,H). A useful correlation between 1J(15N,H) and NH bond length is derived that enables realistic predictions of one bond NH coupling constants. The calculations reproduce experimentally observed trends for the studied molecules.
TidsskriftMagnetic Resonance in Chemistry
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)750–762
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2020


  • Teoretical calculations
  • DFT
  • Coupling constanta
  • hydrogen bonding
  • one-bond
  • Schiff bases

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