Niger - Europe's border guard? Limits to the externalization of the European Union's migration policy

Eric Komlavi Hahonou, Gorm Rye Olsen*

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


For the past 30 years, the European Union has ‘externalized’ its
migration management policy to third countries. The article focuses
on the implementation of the EU’s migration control policy in Niger
in West Africa. Implementation of the control measures made the
EU dependent on cooperation with national authorities of Niger.
The article shows that both parties benefitted from cooperating.
The number of migrants decreased significantly and the government
in Niger received substantial amounts of economic aid and
training of its security forces. However, the implementation of the
control measures met significant obstacles because migration and
transportation of migrants was a huge source of income to many
people in Niger. While the rigorous implementation led to a drastic
reduction in the number of registered migrants travelling north of
Agadez, it increased the level of illegal migration, migrants’ vulnerability,
corruption and instability in the border region between
Niger and Libya.
TidsskriftJournal of European Integration
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)875-889
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - 2021


  • Niger
  • Security
  • migration management
  • Europe
  • externalisation
  • Policy
  • migration as coping strategy
  • international image management policy
  • Irregular migration
  • patron-client relations
  • externalization of policy
  • MSCY: Media, Security Crises and Youth in West Africa

    Bojsen, H., Ngomba, T. J., Compaoré, I., Wildermuth, N., Hahonou, E. K., Nielsen, P. E., Samuelsen, H., Larsen, J. M., Hagberg, S., Yaméogo, L., De Jorio, R., Soré, Z., Cissao, Y., Kibora, L., Konsimbo, E., Kaboré, A., Bagaré, M., Fofana, H., Konkobo, B., Ouedraogo, B., Lamine, S., Ely Dicko, B., Karambé, Y., Koné, B., Daouda Diallo, B., Lamine, S., Gustafsson, J., Hansen, E. & Frère, M.


    Projekter: ProjektForskning

  • Mis/Mal/Disinformation and (In)Security:

    Heidi Bojsen (Arrangør), Teke Jacob Ngomba (Arrangør), Poul Erik Nielsen (Arrangør), Ismaël Compaoré (Arrangør), Lassané Yaméogo (Arrangør), Ludovic Kibora (Arrangør), Eric Komlavi Hahonou (Deltager) & Nobert Wildermuth (Deltager)

    24 aug. 202325 aug. 2023

    Aktivitet: Deltagelse i eller arrangering af en begivenhedOrganisation og deltagelse i konference

Citer dette