Niger - Europe's border guard? Limits to the externalization of the European Union's migration policy

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Abstract

For the past 30 years, the European Union has ‘externalized’ its
migration management policy to third countries. The article focuses
on the implementation of the EU’s migration control policy in Niger
in West Africa. Implementation of the control measures made the
EU dependent on cooperation with national authorities of Niger.
The article shows that both parties benefitted from cooperating.
The number of migrants decreased significantly and the government
in Niger received substantial amounts of economic aid and
training of its security forces. However, the implementation of the
control measures met significant obstacles because migration and
transportation of migrants was a huge source of income to many
people in Niger. While the rigorous implementation led to a drastic
reduction in the number of registered migrants travelling north of
Agadez, it increased the level of illegal migration, migrants’ vulnerability,
corruption and instability in the border region between
Niger and Libya.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of European Integration
Antal sider16
ISSN0703-6337
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 30 nov. 2020

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