NH Stretching Frequencies of Intramolecularly Hydrogen-Bonded Systems: An Experimental and Theoretical Study

Poul Erik Hansen*, Mohammad Vakili, Fadhil S. Kamounah, Jens Spanget-Larsen*

*Corresponding author

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The vibrational NH stretching transitions in secondary amines with intramolecular NH···O hydrogen bonds were investigated by experimental and theoretical methods, considering a large number of compounds and covering a wide range of stretching wavenumbers. The assignment of the NH stretching transitions in the experimental IR spectra was, in several instances, supported by measurement of the corresponding ND wavenumbers and by correlation with the observed NH proton chemical shifts. The observed wavenumbers were correlated with theoretical wavenumbers predicted with B3LYP density functional theory, using the basis sets 6-311++G(d,p) and 6-31G(d) and considering the harmonic as well as the anharmonic VPT2 approximation. Excellent correlations were established between observed wavenumbers and calculated harmonic values. However, the correlations were non-linear, in contrast to the results of previous investigations of the corresponding OH···O systems. The anharmonic VPT2 wavenumbers were found to be linearly related to the corresponding harmonic values. The results provide correlation equations for the prediction of NH stretching bands on the basis of standard B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) and B3LYP/6-31G(d) harmonic analyses, with standard deviations close to 38 cm–1. This is significant because the full anharmonic VPT2 analysis tends to be impractical for large molecules, requiring orders of magnitude more computing time than the harmonic analysis.
Udgave nummer24
Antal sider19
StatusUdgivet - 17 dec. 2021

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