Nanoparticle-based measurements of pH and O2 dynamics in the rhizosphere of Zostera marina L. effects of temperature elevation and light-dark transitions

Kasper Elgetti Brodersen*, Klaus Koren, Mads Lichtenberg, Michael Kühl

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Seagrasses can modulate the geochemical conditions in their immediate rhizosphere through the release of chemical compounds from their below-ground tissue. This is a vital chemical defence mechanism, whereby the plants detoxify the surrounding sediment. Using novel nanoparticle-based optical O2 and pH sensors incorporated in reduced and transparent artificial sediment, we investigated the spatio-temporal dynamics of pH and O2 within the entire rhizosphere of Zostera marina L. during experimental manipulations of light and temperature. We combined such measurements with O2 microsensor measurements of the photosynthetic productivity and respiration of seagrass leaves. We found pronounced pH and O2 microheterogeneity within the immediate rhizosphere of Z. marina, with higher below-ground tissue oxidation capability and rhizoplane pH levels during both light exposure of the leaf canopy and elevated temperature, where the temperature-mediated stimuli of biogeochemical processes seemed to predominate. Low rhizosphere pH microenvironments appeared to correlate with plant-derived oxic microzones stimulating local sulphide oxidation and thus driving local proton generation, although the rhizoplane pH levels generally where much higher than the bulk sediment pH. Our data show that Z. marina can actively alter its rhizosphere pH microenvironment alleviating the local H2S toxicity and enhancing nutrient availability in the adjacent sediment via geochemical speciation shift.

TidsskriftPlant Cell and Environment
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)1619-1630
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2016
Udgivet eksterntJa

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© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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