Since 2012, have we in Denmark observed an increase of invasive pneumococcal infections (IPD) due to Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 24F. We here present epidemiological data on 24F IPD cases, and characterization of 48 24F clinical isolates based on clonal relationship, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) determinants and virulence factors. IPD surveillance data from (1999–2016) were used to calculate the incidence and age-distribution of serotype 24F IPD and the effect of pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCV). Characterization of forty-eight 24F isolates (14.7% of all 24F isolates from the period) was based on whole-genome sequencing analysis (WGS). The IPD cases of serotype 24F showed a significant increase (p < 0.05) for all age groups after the PCV-13 introduction in 2010. The majority of tested 24F isolates consisted of two MLST types, i.e. the ST72 and the ST162. Serotype 24F IPD increased in Denmark after the PCV-13 introduction in parallel with an increase of the ST162 clone. The genotypic penicillin binding protein (PBP) profile agreed with the phenotypical penicillin susceptibility. The virulence genes lytA, ply, piaA, piaB, piaC, rspB and the cpsA/wzg were detected in all 24F isolates, while the pspA and zmpC genes were absent.