Mining-sector dynamics in an era of resurgent resource nationalism

Changing relations between large-scale mining and artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania

Thabit Jacob, Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen, Willison Mutagwaba, Jesper Bosse Jønsson, Schoneveld Schoneveld, Maisory Chacha, Xiaoxue Weng, Maria G Njau

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé


Tanzania's mining sector has long been dominated by two opposing scales of operations, large-scale mining (LSM), and artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). From the mid-1990s, changing governments promoted LSM as a key sector for the restructuring of the economy through the generation of much needed foreign capital and increased fiscal earnings. However, a gradual shift in policies towards facilitating ASM, linked to the re-emergence of resource nationalism over the last two decades, can be observed. The paper analyses three types of dynamics that have the potential to improve the lot of ASM in Tanzania, namely increased efforts to enforce ASM rights, stronger support programmes, and the emergence of medium-scale miners (MSM) linked to global value-chains with the potential to bridge the gap between ASM and LSM and promote upgrading. Recent resource nationalist legislation also has the potential to promote more pro-ASM business models. This points to the increased political leverage of the ASM sector, which supports people in their millions, driven by electoral politics. However, from an ASM perspective the development is not unambiguous. Registration of rights to some extent remains ‘paper formalization’, the implementation of support programmes has slowed down, and MSM has so far been dominated by investors from emerging markets in partnership with local elites. Experience suggests that the continued emphasis on the redistribution of rights and revenues from foreign LSM may end up benefitting larger domestic business interests and state coffers more than ASM.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftResources Policy
Vol/bind62
Sider (fra-til)339-346
ISSN0301-4207
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Emneord

  • Mining
  • Tanzania
  • Artisanal Mining
  • Value Chain
  • Resource nationalism

Citer dette

Jacob, Thabit ; Pedersen, Rasmus Hundsbæk ; Mutagwaba, Willison ; Jønsson, Jesper Bosse ; Schoneveld, Schoneveld ; Chacha, Maisory ; Weng, Xiaoxue ; Njau, Maria G. / Mining-sector dynamics in an era of resurgent resource nationalism : Changing relations between large-scale mining and artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania. I: Resources Policy. 2019 ; Bind 62. s. 339-346.
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title = "Mining-sector dynamics in an era of resurgent resource nationalism: Changing relations between large-scale mining and artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania",
abstract = "Tanzania's mining sector has long been dominated by two opposing scales of operations, large-scale mining (LSM), and artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). From the mid-1990s, changing governments promoted LSM as a key sector for the restructuring of the economy through the generation of much needed foreign capital and increased fiscal earnings. However, a gradual shift in policies towards facilitating ASM, linked to the re-emergence of resource nationalism over the last two decades, can be observed. The paper analyses three types of dynamics that have the potential to improve the lot of ASM in Tanzania, namely increased efforts to enforce ASM rights, stronger support programmes, and the emergence of medium-scale miners (MSM) linked to global value-chains with the potential to bridge the gap between ASM and LSM and promote upgrading. Recent resource nationalist legislation also has the potential to promote more pro-ASM business models. This points to the increased political leverage of the ASM sector, which supports people in their millions, driven by electoral politics. However, from an ASM perspective the development is not unambiguous. Registration of rights to some extent remains ‘paper formalization’, the implementation of support programmes has slowed down, and MSM has so far been dominated by investors from emerging markets in partnership with local elites. Experience suggests that the continued emphasis on the redistribution of rights and revenues from foreign LSM may end up benefitting larger domestic business interests and state coffers more than ASM.",
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author = "Thabit Jacob and Pedersen, {Rasmus Hundsb{\ae}k} and Willison Mutagwaba and J{\o}nsson, {Jesper Bosse} and Schoneveld Schoneveld and Maisory Chacha and Xiaoxue Weng and Njau, {Maria G}",
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Mining-sector dynamics in an era of resurgent resource nationalism : Changing relations between large-scale mining and artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania. / Jacob, Thabit; Pedersen, Rasmus Hundsbæk; Mutagwaba, Willison ; Jønsson, Jesper Bosse; Schoneveld, Schoneveld; Chacha, Maisory; Weng, Xiaoxue; Njau, Maria G.

I: Resources Policy, Bind 62, 2019, s. 339-346.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mining-sector dynamics in an era of resurgent resource nationalism

T2 - Changing relations between large-scale mining and artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania

AU - Jacob, Thabit

AU - Pedersen, Rasmus Hundsbæk

AU - Mutagwaba, Willison

AU - Jønsson, Jesper Bosse

AU - Schoneveld, Schoneveld

AU - Chacha, Maisory

AU - Weng, Xiaoxue

AU - Njau, Maria G

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Tanzania's mining sector has long been dominated by two opposing scales of operations, large-scale mining (LSM), and artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). From the mid-1990s, changing governments promoted LSM as a key sector for the restructuring of the economy through the generation of much needed foreign capital and increased fiscal earnings. However, a gradual shift in policies towards facilitating ASM, linked to the re-emergence of resource nationalism over the last two decades, can be observed. The paper analyses three types of dynamics that have the potential to improve the lot of ASM in Tanzania, namely increased efforts to enforce ASM rights, stronger support programmes, and the emergence of medium-scale miners (MSM) linked to global value-chains with the potential to bridge the gap between ASM and LSM and promote upgrading. Recent resource nationalist legislation also has the potential to promote more pro-ASM business models. This points to the increased political leverage of the ASM sector, which supports people in their millions, driven by electoral politics. However, from an ASM perspective the development is not unambiguous. Registration of rights to some extent remains ‘paper formalization’, the implementation of support programmes has slowed down, and MSM has so far been dominated by investors from emerging markets in partnership with local elites. Experience suggests that the continued emphasis on the redistribution of rights and revenues from foreign LSM may end up benefitting larger domestic business interests and state coffers more than ASM.

AB - Tanzania's mining sector has long been dominated by two opposing scales of operations, large-scale mining (LSM), and artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). From the mid-1990s, changing governments promoted LSM as a key sector for the restructuring of the economy through the generation of much needed foreign capital and increased fiscal earnings. However, a gradual shift in policies towards facilitating ASM, linked to the re-emergence of resource nationalism over the last two decades, can be observed. The paper analyses three types of dynamics that have the potential to improve the lot of ASM in Tanzania, namely increased efforts to enforce ASM rights, stronger support programmes, and the emergence of medium-scale miners (MSM) linked to global value-chains with the potential to bridge the gap between ASM and LSM and promote upgrading. Recent resource nationalist legislation also has the potential to promote more pro-ASM business models. This points to the increased political leverage of the ASM sector, which supports people in their millions, driven by electoral politics. However, from an ASM perspective the development is not unambiguous. Registration of rights to some extent remains ‘paper formalization’, the implementation of support programmes has slowed down, and MSM has so far been dominated by investors from emerging markets in partnership with local elites. Experience suggests that the continued emphasis on the redistribution of rights and revenues from foreign LSM may end up benefitting larger domestic business interests and state coffers more than ASM.

KW - Mining

KW - Tanzania

KW - Artisanal Mining

KW - Value Chain

KW - Resource nationalism

KW - Mining

KW - Tanzania

KW - Artisanal Mining

KW - Value Chain

KW - Resource nationalism

U2 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2019.04.009

DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2019.04.009

M3 - Journal article

VL - 62

SP - 339

EP - 346

JO - Resources Policy

JF - Resources Policy

SN - 0301-4207

ER -