Microplastics in Inland African Waters

Presence, Sources, and Fate

Farhan Khan, Bahati Sosthenes Mayoma, Fares John Biginagwa, Kristian Syberg

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

Resumé

As the birthplace of our species, the African continent holds a unique place in human history. Upon entering a new epoch, the Anthropocene defined by human-driven influences on earth systems, and with the recognition that plastic pollution is one of the hallmarks of this new age, remarkably little is known about the presence, sources, and fate of plastics (and microplastics (MPs)) within African waters. Research in marine regions, most notably around the coast of South Africa, describes the occurrence of MPs in seabirds and fish species. More recently environmental sampling studies in the same area have quantified plastics in both the water column and sediments. However, despite Africa containing some of the largest and deepest of the world’s freshwater lakes, including Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika as part of the African Great Lakes system, and notable freshwater rivers, such as the River Congo and the Nile, the extent of MPs within the inland waters remains largely unreported. In the only study to date to describe MP pollution in the African Great Lakes, a variety of polymers, including polyethylene, polypropylene, and silicone rubber, were recovered from the gastrointestinal tracts of Nile perch (Lates niloticus) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fished from Lake Victoria. The likely sources of these plastics were considered to be human activities linked to fishing and tourism, and urban waste. In this chapter we discuss the need for research focus on MPs in Africa and how what has been described in the coastal regions and other freshwater environments can be applied to inland African waters. The aforementioned study in Lake Victoria is used to exemplify how small-scale investigations can provide early indications of MP pollution. Lastly we discuss the current challenges and future needs of MP research in African freshwaters.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelFreshwater Microplastics : Emerging Environmental Contaminants?
RedaktørerMartin Wagner, Scott Lambert
Antal sider23
Vol/bind58
ForlagSpringer
Publikationsdato2017
Udgave1
Sider101-124
ISBN (Trykt)978-3-319-61614-8
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-3-319-61615-5
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017
NavnHandbook of Environmental Chemistry
Vol/bind58

Bibliografisk note

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license

Emneord

  • Africa
  • African Great Lakes
  • Freshwater
  • Microplastics
  • MP sampling

Citer dette

Khan, F., Mayoma, B. S., Biginagwa, F. J., & Syberg, K. (2017). Microplastics in Inland African Waters: Presence, Sources, and Fate. I M. Wagner, & S. Lambert (red.), Freshwater Microplastics: Emerging Environmental Contaminants? (1 udg., Bind 58, s. 101-124). Springer. Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Bind. 58 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5
Khan, Farhan ; Mayoma, Bahati Sosthenes ; Biginagwa, Fares John ; Syberg, Kristian. / Microplastics in Inland African Waters : Presence, Sources, and Fate. Freshwater Microplastics: Emerging Environmental Contaminants?. red. / Martin Wagner ; Scott Lambert. Bind 58 1. udg. Springer, 2017. s. 101-124 (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Bind 58).
@inbook{5dfd8b70dfe04f12aca1e2968cb8d7bb,
title = "Microplastics in Inland African Waters: Presence, Sources, and Fate",
abstract = "As the birthplace of our species, the African continent holds a unique place in human history. Upon entering a new epoch, the Anthropocene defined by human-driven influences on earth systems, and with the recognition that plastic pollution is one of the hallmarks of this new age, remarkably little is known about the presence, sources, and fate of plastics (and microplastics (MPs)) within African waters. Research in marine regions, most notably around the coast of South Africa, describes the occurrence of MPs in seabirds and fish species. More recently environmental sampling studies in the same area have quantified plastics in both the water column and sediments. However, despite Africa containing some of the largest and deepest of the world’s freshwater lakes, including Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika as part of the African Great Lakes system, and notable freshwater rivers, such as the River Congo and the Nile, the extent of MPs within the inland waters remains largely unreported. In the only study to date to describe MP pollution in the African Great Lakes, a variety of polymers, including polyethylene, polypropylene, and silicone rubber, were recovered from the gastrointestinal tracts of Nile perch (Lates niloticus) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fished from Lake Victoria. The likely sources of these plastics were considered to be human activities linked to fishing and tourism, and urban waste. In this chapter we discuss the need for research focus on MPs in Africa and how what has been described in the coastal regions and other freshwater environments can be applied to inland African waters. The aforementioned study in Lake Victoria is used to exemplify how small-scale investigations can provide early indications of MP pollution. Lastly we discuss the current challenges and future needs of MP research in African freshwaters.",
keywords = "Africa, African Great Lakes , Freshwater , Microplastics, MP sampling, Africa, African Great Lakes , Freshwater , Microplastics, MP sampling",
author = "Farhan Khan and Mayoma, {Bahati Sosthenes} and Biginagwa, {Fares John} and Kristian Syberg",
note = "This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-319-61614-8",
volume = "58",
pages = "101--124",
editor = "Wagner, {Martin } and Scott Lambert",
booktitle = "Freshwater Microplastics",
publisher = "Springer",
edition = "1",

}

Khan, F, Mayoma, BS, Biginagwa, FJ & Syberg, K 2017, Microplastics in Inland African Waters: Presence, Sources, and Fate. i M Wagner & S Lambert (red), Freshwater Microplastics: Emerging Environmental Contaminants?. 1 udg, bind 58, Springer, Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, bind 58, s. 101-124. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5

Microplastics in Inland African Waters : Presence, Sources, and Fate. / Khan, Farhan; Mayoma, Bahati Sosthenes; Biginagwa, Fares John; Syberg, Kristian.

Freshwater Microplastics: Emerging Environmental Contaminants?. red. / Martin Wagner; Scott Lambert. Bind 58 1. udg. Springer, 2017. s. 101-124 (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Bind 58).

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Microplastics in Inland African Waters

T2 - Presence, Sources, and Fate

AU - Khan, Farhan

AU - Mayoma, Bahati Sosthenes

AU - Biginagwa, Fares John

AU - Syberg, Kristian

N1 - This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - As the birthplace of our species, the African continent holds a unique place in human history. Upon entering a new epoch, the Anthropocene defined by human-driven influences on earth systems, and with the recognition that plastic pollution is one of the hallmarks of this new age, remarkably little is known about the presence, sources, and fate of plastics (and microplastics (MPs)) within African waters. Research in marine regions, most notably around the coast of South Africa, describes the occurrence of MPs in seabirds and fish species. More recently environmental sampling studies in the same area have quantified plastics in both the water column and sediments. However, despite Africa containing some of the largest and deepest of the world’s freshwater lakes, including Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika as part of the African Great Lakes system, and notable freshwater rivers, such as the River Congo and the Nile, the extent of MPs within the inland waters remains largely unreported. In the only study to date to describe MP pollution in the African Great Lakes, a variety of polymers, including polyethylene, polypropylene, and silicone rubber, were recovered from the gastrointestinal tracts of Nile perch (Lates niloticus) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fished from Lake Victoria. The likely sources of these plastics were considered to be human activities linked to fishing and tourism, and urban waste. In this chapter we discuss the need for research focus on MPs in Africa and how what has been described in the coastal regions and other freshwater environments can be applied to inland African waters. The aforementioned study in Lake Victoria is used to exemplify how small-scale investigations can provide early indications of MP pollution. Lastly we discuss the current challenges and future needs of MP research in African freshwaters.

AB - As the birthplace of our species, the African continent holds a unique place in human history. Upon entering a new epoch, the Anthropocene defined by human-driven influences on earth systems, and with the recognition that plastic pollution is one of the hallmarks of this new age, remarkably little is known about the presence, sources, and fate of plastics (and microplastics (MPs)) within African waters. Research in marine regions, most notably around the coast of South Africa, describes the occurrence of MPs in seabirds and fish species. More recently environmental sampling studies in the same area have quantified plastics in both the water column and sediments. However, despite Africa containing some of the largest and deepest of the world’s freshwater lakes, including Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika as part of the African Great Lakes system, and notable freshwater rivers, such as the River Congo and the Nile, the extent of MPs within the inland waters remains largely unreported. In the only study to date to describe MP pollution in the African Great Lakes, a variety of polymers, including polyethylene, polypropylene, and silicone rubber, were recovered from the gastrointestinal tracts of Nile perch (Lates niloticus) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fished from Lake Victoria. The likely sources of these plastics were considered to be human activities linked to fishing and tourism, and urban waste. In this chapter we discuss the need for research focus on MPs in Africa and how what has been described in the coastal regions and other freshwater environments can be applied to inland African waters. The aforementioned study in Lake Victoria is used to exemplify how small-scale investigations can provide early indications of MP pollution. Lastly we discuss the current challenges and future needs of MP research in African freshwaters.

KW - Africa

KW - African Great Lakes

KW - Freshwater

KW - Microplastics

KW - MP sampling

KW - Africa

KW - African Great Lakes

KW - Freshwater

KW - Microplastics

KW - MP sampling

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-3-319-61614-8

VL - 58

SP - 101

EP - 124

BT - Freshwater Microplastics

A2 - Wagner, Martin

A2 - Lambert, Scott

PB - Springer

ER -

Khan F, Mayoma BS, Biginagwa FJ, Syberg K. Microplastics in Inland African Waters: Presence, Sources, and Fate. I Wagner M, Lambert S, red., Freshwater Microplastics: Emerging Environmental Contaminants?. 1 udg. Bind 58. Springer. 2017. s. 101-124. (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Bind 58). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5