Light-induced electrolyte improvement in cobalt tris(bipyridine)-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells

Jiajia Gao, Wenxing Yang, Ahmed El-Zohry, Govin K. Prajapati, Yuan Fang, Jing Dai, Yan Hao, Valentina Leandri, Per Svensson, Istvan Furo, Gerrit Boschloo, Torben Lund, Lars Kloo

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Lithium-ion-free tris(2,2’-bipyridine) Co(II/III)-mediated electrolytes have previously been proposed for long-term stable dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Such redox system also offers an impressive DSSC performance improvement under light soaking exposure, manifested by an increase in photocurrent and fill factor without the expense of decreasing photovoltage. Kinetic studies show that charge transfer and ion diffusion at the electrode/electrolyte interface are improved due to the light exposure. Control experiments reveal that the light effect is unambigously associated with electrolyte components, [Co(bpy)3]3+ and the Lewis-base additive tert-butylpyridine (TBP). Electrochemical and spectroscopic investigation of the [Co(bpy)3]3+/TBP mixtures points out that the presence of TBP, which retards the electrolyte diffusion, however causes an irreversbile redox reaction of [Co(bpy)3]3+ upon light exposure that improves the overall conductivity. This discovery not only provides a new strategy to mitigate the typical Jsc-Voc trade-off in Co(II/III)-mediated DSSCs but also highlights the importance of investigating the photochemistry of a photoelectrochemical system.
TidsskriftJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Udgave nummer33
Sider (fra-til)19495-19505
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 1 aug. 2019

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