Labour and Segmentation in Value Chains

Nikolaus Hammer, Lone Riisgaard

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

Resumé

In order to understand the linkages between labour process analysis and global value chains (GVCs) it is important to investigate the particular factory regimes at the upstream end of GVCs. Social relations of production were integrated into the global economy along different trajectories. This process is based on new dynamics of segmentation and variegated relations between the formal and informal sectors. For example, informality has come to play an important role in factory regimes, although with important differences: we can distinguish industries that developed informal factory forms of production out of craft traditions; formal firms (and MNCs) either recruiting informal labour directly, or through labour-only contractors; and cases in which downsizing in the formal sector pushes workers into the informal sector. Each case results in different lines of segmentation, links into GVCs, and opportunities for resistance.
While this suggests that factory regimes need to be tuned more explicitly to the specific dynamics of work, employment and reproduction, we argue that labour process and GVC analyses have developed themes that allow fruitful linkages. We look at issues around the employment contract, living arrangements, and labour mobility, and the role they play for factory regimes and their insertion into GVCs. Arguably, the extension of hegemonic despotism constitutes a simultaneous development to processes of industrial upgrading. Linking labour process and GVC analyses underscores, both, the role of the functional division of labour for labour control as well as how the latter shapes the former.




OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelPutting Labour in its Place : Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains
RedaktørerKirsty Newsome, Philip Taylor, Jennifer Bair, Al Rainnie
Udgivelses stedLondon/New York
ForlagPalgrave Macmillan
Publikationsdato2015
ISBN (Trykt)9781137410351
StatusUdgivet - 2015

Citer dette

Hammer, N., & Riisgaard, L. (2015). Labour and Segmentation in Value Chains. I K. Newsome, P. Taylor, J. Bair, & A. Rainnie (red.), Putting Labour in its Place: Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains London/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hammer, Nikolaus ; Riisgaard, Lone. / Labour and Segmentation in Value Chains. Putting Labour in its Place: Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains. red. / Kirsty Newsome ; Philip Taylor ; Jennifer Bair ; Al Rainnie. London/New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
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Hammer, N & Riisgaard, L 2015, Labour and Segmentation in Value Chains. i K Newsome, P Taylor, J Bair & A Rainnie (red), Putting Labour in its Place: Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains. Palgrave Macmillan, London/New York.

Labour and Segmentation in Value Chains. / Hammer, Nikolaus; Riisgaard, Lone.

Putting Labour in its Place: Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains. red. / Kirsty Newsome; Philip Taylor; Jennifer Bair; Al Rainnie. London/New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

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AB - In order to understand the linkages between labour process analysis and global value chains (GVCs) it is important to investigate the particular factory regimes at the upstream end of GVCs. Social relations of production were integrated into the global economy along different trajectories. This process is based on new dynamics of segmentation and variegated relations between the formal and informal sectors. For example, informality has come to play an important role in factory regimes, although with important differences: we can distinguish industries that developed informal factory forms of production out of craft traditions; formal firms (and MNCs) either recruiting informal labour directly, or through labour-only contractors; and cases in which downsizing in the formal sector pushes workers into the informal sector. Each case results in different lines of segmentation, links into GVCs, and opportunities for resistance. While this suggests that factory regimes need to be tuned more explicitly to the specific dynamics of work, employment and reproduction, we argue that labour process and GVC analyses have developed themes that allow fruitful linkages. We look at issues around the employment contract, living arrangements, and labour mobility, and the role they play for factory regimes and their insertion into GVCs. Arguably, the extension of hegemonic despotism constitutes a simultaneous development to processes of industrial upgrading. Linking labour process and GVC analyses underscores, both, the role of the functional division of labour for labour control as well as how the latter shapes the former.

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Hammer N, Riisgaard L. Labour and Segmentation in Value Chains. I Newsome K, Taylor P, Bair J, Rainnie A, red., Putting Labour in its Place: Labour Process Analysis and Global Value Chains. London/New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2015